Cuneiform Tablet Collection
2.80 linear feet (2 oversize boxes, 1 small document case)
Name of Creator(s)
Ancient Sumerians, Banks, Edgar J.; Gamradt, Crystal J.
English, Ancient Sumerian
South Dakota State University Archives and Special Collections
Hilton M. Briggs Library (SBL) Room 241, Box 2115
1300 North Campus Drive, Brookings, SD 57007
Open. This material does not circulate and may be used in-house only.
Name of item, AR 3, box #, folder #, Cuneiform Tablet Collection, South Dakota State University Archives and Special Collections, Hilton M. Briggs Library, Brookings, South Dakota.
This collection consists of six Sumerian Cuneiform tablets from Ancient Mesopotamia, a translation by Edgar J. Banks, research and manuscript material.
Content and Arrangement
This collection consists of six Sumerian Cuneiform Tablets, a translation by Edgar J. Banks, research and manuscript material. Five of the tablets are approximately 1.5" x 1.5" in size. The tablets come from Ancient Mesopotamia, a historical region of Western Asia situated within the Tigris-Euphrates river system, in the northern part of the Fertile Crescent, corresponding to most of modern day Iraq, Kuwait, the eastern parts of Syria, and Southwestern Turkey. The translation found with the tablets provides only general information about each tablet: date, place found, and general description. The translations state that three of the tablets are records of receipt for temple offerings, one a sealed temple record and one contract or business document.
South Dakota State College President Willis E. Johnson, who was president of South Dakota State College from 1919 to 1923, purchased the tablets from Edgar James Banks in 1923 for $26.00.
The sixth tablet is 4 inches wide x 6.5 inches long. This tablet was transferred to the archives from the South Dakota Agricultural Heritage Museum. A label affixed to the tablet reads: Egyptian Prescription given me by Daphne Serles and had belonged to Dr. Earl Serles. This script was misidentified as Egyptian hieroglyphics but is indeed Sumerian Cuneiform. This tablet has no transcription.
The manuscript and research material was created by Crystal J. Gamradt, Archivist at SDSU Archives and Special Collection. She conducted a search for the tablets origin and how they came to reside at South Dakota State University. It consists on correspondence, clippings, collected research, CD-ROMS, Power Point Presentations about the tablets, and a manuscript for her paper, "FORGOTTEN PAST—Solving a mystery of forgotten antiquities and finding their significance to the present."
Edgar James Banks (1866—1945) was an Assyriologist and a dealer of artifacts. He was a dedicated explorer of the Middle East who was very active in the first few decades of the twentieth century and is responsible for most of the small cuneiform collections at universities, historical societies, seminaries, and museums throughout the United States. He is known to be the real-life inspiration for Indiana Jones.
- Banks, Edgar James, 1866-1945
- Cuneiform inscriptions, Sumerian
- Cuneiform tablets – Iraq – Babylonia
- Cuneiform tablets – Iraq – Umma (Extinct city)
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open to researchers without restrictions. The materials in the Archives do not circulate and may be used in-house only.
Researchers conducting extensive research are asked to make an advance appointment to access archival material. Please call or e-mail prior to visiting the collection and indicate as much detail as possible about a particular topic and intended use.
South Dakota State University supports access to the materials, published and unpublished, in its collections. Nonetheless, access to some items may be restricted as a result of their fragile condition or by contractual agreements with donors.
The Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative ( CDLI ) at the University of California, Los Angeles added descriptions of the tablets on their Found Texts website. Tablets 1 and 2 are from the Puzriš-Dagan (mod. Drehem) provenience and dated to the Ur III (ca. 2100-2000BC) period. Tablets 5 and 4 are from the Umma (mod. Tell Jokha) provenience and dated to the Ur III (ca. 2100-2000 BC) period. The provenience of Tablet 5 is uncertain and is dated to the Old Babylonian (ca. 1900-1600 BC) period. The CDLI did not analyze Tablet 6.
Researchers may quote from the collection under the fair use provision of the copyright law (Title 17, U.S. Code). Requests to publish should be arranged with the SDSU Archives and Special Collections.
|1||Tablet 1||Found at Drehem, bill for 7 lambs and 4 kid goats||2350 BC|
|1||Tablet 2||Found at Drehem, receipt of five oxen||2350 BC|
|1||Tablet 3||Found at Jokha, record of temple offerings||2300 BC|
|1||Tablet 4||Found at Drehem, sealed temple record||2300 BC|
|2||Tablet 5||Found at Senkereh, contract of business document||2000 BC|
|2||Tablet 6||Cuneiform table mislabeled as Egyptian hieroglyphics, no translation||undated|
|3||2||Clippings, news releases||2002|
|3||4||Edgar James Banks||2002|
|3||7||History of writing||2002|
|3||10||Manuscript Forgotten Past by Crystal J. Gamradt||2002|
|3||11||Manuscript Final draft||2002|
|3||15||Middle School Presentation||2002|
|3||16||Other Institutions Collections||2002|
|3||22||UCLA Cuneiform Digital Library Initiative (Cale Johnson, Contact)||2002|