Skip to main content

Ft. Laramie Treaty (1868)

Ft. Laramie Treaty of 1868


"Photograph of Black Hills"

The second of the Fort Laramie treaties, this treaty was supposed to bring peace to the neighboring Sioux tribes, as well as, with the settling Americans. With this treaty, the United States recognized the Black Hills as part of the Great Sioux Reservation. This allowed only authorized people to enter the Black Hills and any land within the reservation. To this day, the ownership of the Black Hills remains a legal dispute between the United States and the Sioux Nations.



Jill St. Germain, Broken Treaties: United States and Canadian Relations with the Lakotas and the Plains Cree, 1868-1885 (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2009).

Fort Laramie Treaty (1868)

This is the original document signed at Fort Laramie in 1868.

Peter Cozzens, The Army and the Indian (Eyewitnesses to the Indian Wars, 1865-1890) (Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books, 2005).  

The Journey Museum, Rapid City*

Monday - Saturday, 10 am - 5 pm
Sunday 1 pm - 5 pm