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Criminal Justice Minor

The Criminal Justice System encompasses many important professional fields open to people with appropriate education, training, and experience. These professional fields include law enforcement, adjudication (courts), and corrections. Law enforcement includes local police and detectives, sheriffs and sheriff deputies, highway patrol officers, and law enforcement officers in many federal agencies—FBI, CIA, ATF, Customs, Secret Service, INS, Border Patrol, and Drug Enforcement.  Adjudication includes such occupations as court clerks, sentencing specialists, public defenders, court appointed advocates, prosecutors, defense attorneys and judges. Adult and juvenile corrections include parole officers, probation officers, correctional officers and counselors, and resident unit counselors and supervisors.

Other aspects of the Criminal Justice System require qualified individuals to assure operation of the system. Included in these areas are private and corporate security, nursing, hospital administration, social work, foster care, personnel services, court reporting, accounting, data processing, recreational services, research, planning, evaluation and clerical services.

Opportunities for students majoring in the biological sciences and chemistry also find opportunities available in crime laboratories where scientific techniques are used in the study of criminal evidence. The areas of wildlife/fisheries and park/land management also serve as areas of potential employment.


Students pursuing a Bachelor of Arts degree or a Bachelor of Science degree in any field at SDSU may complete a minor in Criminal Justice. Many of these undergraduates major in Sociology. However, they must have an overall GPA of at least 2.20 to be accepted in the CJUS program.

The following is a list of courses taught by faculty members in the Sociology Department:

CJUS 201—Introduction to Criminal Justice*
CJUS 203—Policing in a Free Society
CJUS 334—Criminal Investigation
CJUS 412—Prosecution and Defense
CJUS 431—Criminal Law
CJUS 436—Juvenile Justice
SOC 325—Domestic and Intimate Violence
SOC 351—Criminology*
SOC 354—Victimology
SOC 402—Social Deviance
SOC 455—Juvenile Delinquency
SOC 456—Community Corrections
*required courses

The following course is taught by faculty members in the Political Science Departments:

CJUS 330—Civil Rights and Liberties (cross-listed as POLS 330—Civil Rights and Liberties)

2020-2021 CJS Minor Catalog 

18 Credits - 6 required hours and 12 elective hours


MACPO, established in 1957, was the first professional organization available for Minnesota probation officers. We operate today as an organization committed to the improvement of probation and parole practices at all levels and have members from probation and parole practitioners serving county, state, and community corrections agencies.

 MACPO can be a resource for those interested in the probation/corrections field. We would be happy to send a probation officer to speak to a class or criminal justice, sociology, or corrections club for those organizations located in Minnesota.

A one year student membership is only $10. As a MACPO member, you are eligible for free or reduced registration fees for MACPO training/professional development opportunities. Our website has information as to where to obtain internships, current employment opportunities, training and professional development opportunities, and quarterly newsletters with timely information on current criminal justice trends, upcoming events, trainings, and membership news. 

Please visit for more information on how to apply for membership.

For more information contact Mary Emery.