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Benjamin Reifel Papers

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Collection Summary

Identifier

MA 9

Title

Benjamin Reifel papers

Creator

Ben (Benjamin) Reifel, 1906-1990

Dates

1905-1990

Extent

22.24 linear feet (34 boxes) photographs, sound recordings, moving image materials

Language

English

Repository

South Dakota State University Archives and Special Collections, Hilton M. Briggs Library, Brookings, South Dakota.

Access note

This collection is open to researchers without restrictions. The materials in the Archives do not circulate and may be used in-house only.

Preferred Citation

Name of item . Benjamin Reifel papers. MA 9. South Dakota State University Archives and Special Collections, Hilton M. Briggs Library, Brookings, South Dakota.

Abstract

Benjamin Reifel was a Lakota Sioux and a Republican United States Congressman from the First District of South Dakota. This collection of his papers is composed of memorabilia, scrapbooks, campaign items, and personal items related to Reifel's career as a public servant, especially his years in the United States Senate and his work with the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Biographical Note

Benjamin Reifel was born on September 19, 1906 in a log cabin near Parmelee, South Dakota, on the Rosebud Reservation. He was the son of a German-American father, William Reifel, and a full-blooded Lakota Sioux, Lucy Burning Breast. Ben Reifel was an enrolled member of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe; his Indian name was Lone Feather.

He attended both a Rosebud Reservation boarding school and a county school. He graduated from the eighth grade at age sixteen and spoke both the Lakota and the English languages. After working on his parents' farm for three years, he entered the School of Agriculture in Brookings, S.D. Upon completion of this high school program in 1928, he enrolled as a special student at South Dakota State College. He paid his own way through four years of college, with the aid of one of the first loans made available to Indian students under the program for the education of Indians recommended by the Merriam survey. He graduated in 1932 with a Bachelor of Science degree in agriculture. In his senior year, he was elected President of the Students' Association. Mr. Reifel married a college classmate, Alice Janet Johnson of Erwin, SD, on December 26, 1933. They had only one child, Loyce Nadine, who is married to Emery Andersen.

After graduation in 1932, Ben was hired as boy's advisor at Hare's School in Mission, S.D. In 1933, he began a long, distinguished career with the Bureau of Indian Affairs, when he was appointed "farm agent" at Oglala, on the Pine Ridge Reservation. That first appointment lasted only a year before he was promoted to "field agent" at the headquarters in Pierre, SD. He was assigned to promote the new programs under the Indian Reorganization Act signed by President Roosevelt in 1934. This was a period of drought and intense hardship on the reservations, and young Ben, although meeting with counter agitation from some members of the tribes, was extraordinarily successful in winning support for the Reorganization Act, first at Pine Ridge and later on other reservations across South Dakota. He is credited with the major responsibility for making the programs of the Bureau effective on South Dakota reservations.

World War II interrupted his career in the B.I.A. Mr. Reifel had been commissioned as Second Lieutenant in the U.S. Army Reserve in 1931. In March of 1942, Ben was ordered to active duty and served in the Army until July 1946. He obtained distinction in France and Germany and achieved the rank of Lt. Colonel. After his discharge, Ben continued his work with the BIA. He was appointed Tribal Relations Officer and later served as Superintendent of the Fort Berthold Reservation in North Dakota.

In 1949, Mr. Reifel felt the need to continue his education. He was awarded a scholarship in public administration at Harvard University, where he received his Master’s Degree in 1950. A John Hay Whitney Foundation Opportunity Fellowship enabled him to further his education. He completed his Doctorate in Public Administration in 1952. After graduation, Dr. Reifel returned once more to the BIA. After a brief period in the Bureau of Indian Affairs office in Washington, D.C., he returned to Fort Berthold as Reservation Superintendent. He then served at the Pine Ridge Reservation and in 1955 was appointed Area Director of the Aberdeen Area Office in Aberdeen, SD. Now responsible for more than a thousand employees, and for application of federal policies and programs among the Indians of South Dakota, North Dakota, and Nebraska, he played his strongest role as administrator, serving to within three years of retirement.

During this period and immediately following, the distinction of Dr. Reifel's career was marked by several awards. He received the Outstanding American Indian Award in 1956 and the Annual Indian Achievement Award by the "Indian Council Fire" in 1960. That same year he received the Silver Antelope Award from the Boy Scouts, also the Silver Beaver, Silver Buffalo, and Gray Wolf Awards in Scouting. He also received the Department of Interior's Distinguished Service Award in 1961 for an outstanding career with the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

In 1960, Dr. Reifel resigned from the Bureau to run for Congress in the First District, South Dakota. He was elected by a substantial margin and served for five terms as Representative from South Dakota. His political popularity was reflected in the solid support he received in every election. He was regarded as a "conservative Republican," and a thinker who prepared himself well on legislative matters, always able to give a substantial and thoughtful basis for his stand on issues. He was the first person of Sioux ancestry to serve in the Congress, and the only Native American in Congress throughout the 1960's.

While a member of congress, Dr. Reifel held several important committee assignments. In his first term, he was appointed to the House Agricultural Committee; in his second, to the House Committee on Appropriations. Thereafter, he served as ranking Republican on the House Appropriations subcommittee on Interior Department Affairs.

Using these important posts, Congressman Reifel gave distinguished service on behalf of his constituents. He worked hard for farming interests in South Dakota and the plains states in general, opposing cuts in farm support programs, pushing the Oahe irrigation project, and similar matters vital to the state. At the same time, he continued to work vigorously for Indian education, with significant accomplishments. A stern opponent of segregation, he believed that the key to the plight of the Indian people lay in educational programs enrolling Indian and non-Indian students together in modern progressive facilities. While in congress Dr. Reifel gave his support to the Civil Rights Act of 1966 and to the act increasing the minimum wage. Reifel was instrumental in getting the Earth Resources Observation Systems center (EROS) located in South Dakota and in keeping Ellsworth Air Force Base as an active military base in the state. On a broader national level, he was instrumental in securing passage of legislation, which created the National Arts Council and the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Despite his popularity and success, Congressman Reifel decided not to seek reelection in 1970. Although intending to retire in 1971, he remained very active. He accepted an appointment by President Nixon as chairman of the National Capital Planning Commission, and served as Special Assistant for Indian programs to the Director of the National Park Service in the Department of the Interior. He also served as Interim Commissioner of Indian Affairs during the last two months of the Ford Administration. Ben also gave many speeches, speaking at Memorial Day and July 4th celebrations and several high school and university commencement exercises.

Throughout the 1960's and 1970's, Ben was a member of several organizations. He was a member of the Masons, Rotarians, and Elks. He also served on the National Council of the Protestant Episcopal Church and the National Council of the Boy Scouts of America. He also served as National president of Arrow, Inc., an Indian service organization. In 1977, Ben became a trustee of the South Dakota Art Museum in Brookings, SD and served terms as their board president in 1982-83. He established the first Native American collection at the Art Museum in 1977, donating most of his personal collection.

Since Reifel's retirement in 1970, he was honored by several South Dakota colleges and universities. He received honorary doctorates from South Dakota State University, the University of South Dakota, and Northern State College.

Ben's first wife, Alice Johnson Reifel, died of pneumonia on February 8, 1972. Ben remarried on August 14, 1972 to Frances U. Colby of De Smet, S.D. Ben died of Cancer on January 2, 1990.

Arrangement

This collection is arranged into twelve series:

  • Series 1. Activities
  • Series 2. Awards and plaques
  • Series 3. Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Series 4. Campaigns
  • Series 5. Collected material
  • Series 6. Correspondence
  • Series 7. Family history
  • Series 8. Memorabilia
  • Series 9. Miscellaneous
  • Series 10. Speeches
  • Series 11. Scrapbooks
  • Series 12. Photographs and media

Material in most of the series is arranged in alphabetical order within each series. Material in the Awards and plaques series is arranged by size. Folders in the correspondence series are arranged chronological order except for the correspondence from dignitaries, which is arranged alphabetically. The Speeches are also arranged chronologically.

Contents Note

This collection is composed of memorabilia, scrapbooks, campaign items, and personal items related to Reifel's career as a public servant, especially his years in the United States Senate and his work with the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The bulk of congressional material is memorabilia and scrapbooks and not records related to his term of office. Other materials are related chiefly to his post-congressional speaking career.

The activities series is composed of files related to activities that Reifel worked on throughout his life. These items include correspondence and miscellaneous items from Reifel's work with the Boy Scouts of America, the National Park Service, the South Dakota Art Museum and the South Dakota Committee on the Humanities. There are four files of Dakota Territory Citizen Certificates which was a project Reifel worked on after being elected for the first time. These include thank you letters from every member of Congress. Also included are items about Native Americans, trips made by Reifel while in Congress, and several activities that were executed by virtue of being a Congressman.

Awards and Plaques are composed of certificates, medals, ribbons and honors received by Reifel over the years. Included are commemorations, certificates of appreciation and honorary degrees. Also included are gavels and medals, some from the Boy Scouts of America. This material is arranged alphabetically except for unusual items (i.e. gavels, medals), which are arranged by size.

The plaques consist of honors received by Reifel over the years. Included is a plaque from the Boy Scouts of America, distinguished service awards, and awards from Sioux tribes and South Dakota State University.

The Bureau of Indian Affairs material is composed of correspondence, newsletters, newspaper clippings, and some office paperwork and miscellaneous items collected by Reifel during his years with the Bureau.

The Campaigns series is composed of donation and expense material, which includes bank deposits, statements and receipts, cancelled checks, and receipts related to advertising, travel and general office expenses. Also included are committees, sample ballots, schedules, and the South Dakota Republican Party platform for 1960.

The Collected material is composed of material Reifel collected over the years and includes art books, newspaper clippings, periodicals, programs, poetry, printed material, and miscellaneous items.

The correspondence dates from Reifel's time with the BIA in 1946 until just before his death in 1990. The bulk of the correspondence is from 1961-71, the years Reifel served as U.S. Congressman for the First District, South Dakota. Also included are personal letters from Barry Goldwater, Bob Dole, George McGovern, Gerald Ford, Hubert Humphrey, Karl Mundt, Lyndon Johnson, Nelson Rockefeller, Richard Nixon, and Spiro Agnew.

The Family history material is composed of biographies of Reifel, educational memorabilia, family marriage and death information, information about Reifel's military career, and writing about Reifel written by Reifel.

The memorabilia is composed of campaign material; bumper stickers, cards, pins, pamphlets and flyers, programs, and a US Annotated Code book with Reifel's name embossed on the front cover. The library received the entire series of the US Annotated Code, but kept only one book due to space issues. Also included is presidential inauguration material from John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Richard Nixon and Jimmy Carter. These are inaugurations that Reifel attended and include invitations, booklets, and ticket memorabilia.

The miscellaneous series is composed of appointment books from 1954-1979, guest books from Reifel's office in Washington, D.C., newspaper clippings, periodicals, programs, press releases, a House of Representatives binder from 1968 and writings by Reifel.

The speeches series consists mainly of speeches Reifel gave at various functions. Included are Memorial Day and July 4th celebration speeches and addresses given at high school and university commencement exercises.

The Scrapbooks are composed mainly of newspaper clippings and campaign advertisements.

The Photographs and media are composed of photographs, negatives, audiocassettes, audio reels, films, and videocassettes.

The audio materials consist of campaign advertisements for Reifel and the Republican Party, but also includes radio features for E. Y. Berry and Bill Broomfield. Several audio items detail House bills that Reifel either sponsored or was in favor of, including a health insurance bill, Medicare and several farm issues. Some feature radio spots for fund drives for the Red Cross and the South Dakota Association for Retarded Children. Also included is luncheon and dinner speaking engagements that feature Reifel as a speaker or an honoree. An item of note is an interview conducted by Barbara Fitzgerald for "Kennedy Center Presents." In this interview Reifel talks about his family history and discusses American Indians in South Dakota and the federal government's treatment of the Indian on Reservations. The format of the audiotapes is mainly reels, but also includes a few cassettes. This material is arranged by size.

The films include several filmed speeches, many of which are unidentifiable due to the nature of the media on which they were produced. These will eventually be transferred to a more usable media.

The bulk of the photographs are from Reifel's service as an U.S. Congressman.

Collection Notes

This is the collection of Ben Reifel, a distinguished South Dakota State University graduate and native South Dakotan whose achievements include being the first Sioux Indian elected to Congress. Unfortunately, this collection represents only a portion of the material created during his lifetime.

Following Reifel's death in 1990, an extensive search was conducted for the remainder of his papers, specifically materials related to his work in Congress. The search was conducted mainly by Rolly Samp, an associate of Reifel, who contacted many of Ben's Washington contacts, as well as the Senate history office. None of the files, which were presumably left in Washington after he left office, could be located. It can be assumed that the materials were discarded and subsequently lost.

Although the bulk of congressional papers are not extant, the remainder of this collection is not uninteresting. It offers a unique and irreplaceable look at a unique individual, who was extremely important to the history of South Dakota State University, and the history of South Dakota.

Subject Headings

  • Dakota Indians
  • Legislators -- South Dakota
  • Reifel, Ben (Benjamin), Representative (S.D.), 1906-1990
  • United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Aberdeen Area Office
  • United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Officials and employees
  • United States. Congress. House. (Member's papers)

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open to researchers without restrictions. The materials in the Archives do not circulate and may be used in-house only.

Researchers conducting extensive research are asked to make an advance appointment to access archival material. Please call or e-mail prior to visiting the collection and indicate as much detail as possible about a particular topic and intended use.

South Dakota State University supports access to the materials, published and unpublished, in its collections. Nonetheless, access to some items may be restricted as a result of their fragile condition or by contractual agreements with donors.

Copyright note

Copyright restrictions apply in different ways to different materials. Many of the documents and other historical materials in the Archives are in the public domain and may be reproduced and used in any way. There are other materials in the Archive carrying a copyright interest and must be used according to the provisions of Title 17 of the U.S. Code. The Archive issues a warning concerning copyright restrictions to every researcher who requests copies of documents. Although the copyright law is under constant redefinition in the courts, it is ultimately the responsibility of the researcher to properly use copyrighted material.

Arranged and Described by

Crystal J. Gamradt, 1998 June 16.

Container List

View container list on Open Prairie

Benjamin Reifel Papers Container List. MA 9.

SeriesBoxFolderDescriptionDate(s)
01. Activities11Alumni-SDSU: Aggie Picnic1983
01. Activities12Boy Scouts: Correspondence1957-1984
01. Activities13Boy Scouts: Miscellaneous1959-1981
01. Activities14Dakota Territory Citizen Certificates: Abernethy-Everett1961
01. Activities15Dakota Territory Citizen Certificates: Fascell-Multer1961
01. Activities16Dakota Territory Citizen Certificates: Norrell-Zelenko1961
01. Activities17Delegation of the Mexico-United States Interparliamentary Group1962-1967
01. Activities18Former Members of Congress1974-1988
01. Activities19Freedoms Foundation at Valley Forge1974-1985
01. Activities21House Committee Assignments1961-1963
01. Activities22House Wednesday Group1988
01. Activities23Moral Re-Armament1965
01. Activities24National Park Service1970-1974
01. Activities25Native Americans: Arrow, Inc.1957
01. Activities26Native Americans: Black Hills Claim1965-1978
01. Activities27Native Americans: Education1970
01. Activities28Native Americans: Forum Inc. of the Great Plains1968
01. Activities29Native Americans: Indian Council Fire1970
01. Activities210Native Americans: Miscellaneous1950-1977
01. Activities211Native Americans: Rosebud Sioux Tribal Election Dispute1975-1976
01. Activities212Religion: Share South Dakota1961-1969
01. Activities213Religion-Prayer Breakfast1966-1970
01. Activities214Retirement1969-1971
01. Activities215South Dakota Committee on the Humanities1976
01. Activities216South Dakota Memorial Art Center1976-1986
01. Activities31Trips: Asia1964
01. Activities32Trips: Chicago1960
01. Activities33Trips: Ethiopia1961
01. Activities34Trips: Europe1961
01. Activities35Trips: Israel1961
01. Activities36Trips: Southern European Task Force1961
01. Activities241Trips: Hong Kong1962
02. Awards, plaques37Certificates of Appreciation1960-1986
02. Awards, plaques38Commemoration1990
02. Awards, plaques39Distinguished Service1957-1984
02. Awards, plaques310Honorary Degrees1971-1981
02. Awards, plaques311Miscellaneous1931-1990
02. Awards, plaques21item3 coins: U.S.S. South Dakota Battleship X1942
02. Awards, plaques21itemBoy Scouts of America: Signed Print [oversize]1984
02. Awards, plaques21itemGavel: Compliments of Odin and Lillian made by Joe Langenundated
02. Awards, plaques21itemGavel: From 2nd Billionth Board Foot Harvested on the Black Hills National Forest1968
02. Awards, plaques21itemMedal: City of New York1966 May 20
02. Awards, plaques21itemPick: 1720 Inf BOE (M)1964
02. Awards, plaques21itemPlaque in velvet box: One fragment of about a million Russian-made shells landed on Kinmen from Commanding General Kinmen Defense Command, Republic of China1962
02. Awards, plaques22itemBoy Scouts of America: 4 medals with ribbonsundated
02. Awards, plaques24itemMiscellaneous [oversize]1970-1971
02. Awards, plaques29itemAll American Indian Days award: Outstanding American Indian of the Year [oversize]1956
02. Awards, plaques29itemAmericans for Constitutional Action the Board of Trustees has conferred upon Ben Reifel the Distinguished Service Award [oversize]1969
02. Awards, plaques29itemCentennial Certificate [oversize]1981
02. Awards, plaques29itemSDSU Foundation Honors Honorable Ben Reifel: Class of 1932 [oversize]1989
02. Awards, plaques30item12 Years of Outstanding Service to the Lower Brule Corporation as Chairman of the Board of Directors1978-1989
02. Awards, plaques30itemBoy Scouts of American to Honorable Ben Reifel in appreciation for service to American Indian Youth through scouting1967
02. Awards, plaques30itemCongressman Ben Reifel in grateful appreciation front he Dell Rapids H.S. Band1966
02. Awards, plaques30itemDistinguished Service Award of the Oglala Sioux Tribal Council1978
02. Awards, plaques30itemNational Advisory Council on the Education of Disadvantaged Children1974-1978
02. Awards, plaques30itemPresented to Ben Reifel for making EROS a reality1972
02. Awards, plaques30itemSouth Dakota Committee on the Humanities Distinguished Award in the Humanities1976
02. Awards, plaques30itemSouth Dakota State University President's Club of the '80sundated
02. Awards, plaques30itemCollege of Home Economics at SDSU confers upon Ben Reifel the title of Honorary Home Economist with all the privileges and favors thereofundated
02. Awards, plaques30itemWorkshop Library on World Humor1986
03. Bureau of Indian Affairs312Correspondence1954-1957
03. Bureau of Indian Affairs313Map1923
03. Bureau of Indian Affairs314Miscellaneous1950-1968, undated
03. Bureau of Indian Affairs315Newsletters1954-1976
03. Bureau of Indian Affairs316Newspaper clippings1953-1976
03. Bureau of Indian Affairs41Office paperwork1940-1987
03. Bureau of Indian Affairs42Programs1948-1965
04. Campaigns43Brochurescirca 1960s
04. Campaigns44Bumper Stickerscirca 1960s
04. Campaigns45Cards - Advertisementscirca 1960s
04. Campaigns46Donations: Bank deposits and receipts1960
04. Campaigns47Donations: Pledges1960
04. Campaigns48Expenses: Affidavit of Campaign Expenses1960
04. Campaigns49Expenses: Bank statements and cancelled checks: Alumni/classmates for Ben1960
04. Campaigns410Expenses: Bank statements and cancelled checks: Reifel Campaign Fund1960
04. Campaigns411Expenses: Bank statements and cancelled checks: Reifel for Congress1960
04. Campaigns412Expenses: Bank statements and cancelled checks: Women for Reifel1960
04. Campaigns413Expenses: Receipts: Advertising1960
04. Campaigns414Expenses: Receipts: General office1960
04. Campaigns415Expenses: Receipts: Travel1960
04. Campaigns51Federal Laws relating to campaigns1960
04. Campaigns52Flyercirca 1960s
04. Campaigns53Mailing list1960
04. Campaigns54Pins - "I'm for Ben Again"circa 1960s
04. Campaigns55Reifel for Congress committees1960
04. Campaigns56Reifel's stand on issues1960
04. Campaigns57Sample ballots1960
04. Campaigns58Schedules1960
04. Campaigns59Senate nominations1962-1963
04. Campaigns510South Dakota Press Serviceundated
04. Campaigns511South Dakota Republication party platform1960
04. Campaigns512Stationary (Letterhead and envelops)circa 1960s
04. Campaigns243Ledger [oversize]1960
05. Collected material513All American Indian Daysundated
05. Collected material514Art Book: Harvey Dunn Paintings and Drawings1974
05. Collected material515Articles1959-1981
05. Collected material516Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History1963
05. Collected material517Clippings: Boy Scouts1955-1984
05. Collected material518Clippings: Miscellaneous1950-1987
05. Collected material61Clippings: Native Americans1953-1987
05. Collected material62Clippings: World Wide Aid Program1951
05. Collected material63Congressional Pictorial Directory1968, 1970
05. Collected material64Hearings Before the Committee on Rules1966, 1968
05. Collected material65Historical Overview of the Indian Life in South Dakotaundated
05. Collected material66How to Go Broke in the Tourist Business1973
05. Collected material67Humor: Miscellaneousundated
05. Collected material68Humor: Orben's Current Comedy1983-1984
05. Collected material71Indian Council Fire1982
05. Collected material72Institute of the American West1982-1983
05. Collected material73Miscellaneous1956-1986
05. Collected material74Newsletters1967-1982
05. Collected material75Pamphlets1952-1987
05. Collected material76Poetryundated
05. Collected material77Programs1954-1985
05. Collected material81Reports1969-1970
05. Collected material82Wakinyan: Contemporary Teton Dakota Religion1963
05. Collected material251Al Hayat: The American Indians-Yesterday and Today [oversize]1962
05. Collected material252American Illustrated [oversize]undated
05. Collected material253Hill Country; Lyndon Johnson's Texas [oversize]1966
05. Collected material254Miscellaneous [oversize]1961, 1970
05. Collected material255What's New [oversize]1950
06. Correspondence83Correspondence1931-1932
06. Correspondence84Correspondence1946-1949
06. Correspondence85Correspondence1950-1951
06. Correspondence86Correspondence1952-1963
06. Correspondence87Correspondence1954-1955
06. Correspondence88Correspondence1956
06. Correspondence89Correspondence1957-1959
06. Correspondence810Correspondence1960
06. Correspondence811Correspondence1960
06. Correspondence812Correspondence1960
06. Correspondence813Correspondence1960
06. Correspondence91Correspondence1960
06. Correspondence92Correspondence1960
06. Correspondence93Correspondence1960
06. Correspondence94Correspondence1960
06. Correspondence95Correspondence1960
06. Correspondence96Correspondence1960
06. Correspondence97Correspondence1961
06. Correspondence98Correspondence1962
06. Correspondence99Correspondence1963
06. Correspondence910Correspondence1964
06. Correspondence911Correspondence1965
06. Correspondence101Correspondence1966
06. Correspondence102Correspondence1967
06. Correspondence103Correspondence1968
06. Correspondence104Correspondence1969
06. Correspondence105Correspondence1970
06. Correspondence106Correspondence1971
06. Correspondence107Correspondence1972
06. Correspondence108Correspondence1973
06. Correspondence109Correspondence1974
06. Correspondence111Correspondence1976-1980
06. Correspondence112Correspondence1981-1982
06. Correspondence113Correspondence1983-1987
06. Correspondence114Correspondence1989
06. Correspondence115Correspondenceundated
06. Correspondence116Barry Goldwater1964
06. Correspondence117Bob Dole1970
06. Correspondence118George McGovern1960-1970
06. Correspondence119Gerald R. Ford1965-1970
06. Correspondence1110Hubert H. Humphrey1966
06. Correspondence1111Karl E. Mundt1960-1965
06. Correspondence1112Lyndon B. Johnson1964-1966
06. Correspondence1113Nelson A. Rockefeller1968
06. Correspondence1114Richard M. Nixon1962-1970
06. Correspondence1115Spiro T. Agnew1970
07. Family history1116Biographiesundated
07. Family history1117Education: Elementary to Doctorate1923-1952
07. Family history1118Marriages and deaths1905-1972
07. Family history1119Military1927-1935
07. Family history1120Miscellaneous1953-1987
07. Family history1121Writingsundated
08. Memorabilia121Campaigns: Bumper stickers, cards and pinsundated
08. Memorabilia122Campaigns: Pamphlets, flyers and stationaryundated
08. Memorabilia123Miscellaneous1964, undated
08. Memorabilia124Naval ships1962-1967
08. Memorabilia125Presidential inauguration: Jimmy Carter1977
08. Memorabilia126Presidential inauguration: John F. Kennedy1961
08. Memorabilia127Presidential inauguration: Lyndon B. Johnson1965
08. Memorabilia128Presidential inauguration: Richard M. Nixon1969
08. Memorabilia129Programs1954-1989
08. Memorabilia1210United States Code Annotated1968
08. Memorabilia244Campaign posters [oversize]undated
09. Miscellaneous13itemAppointment Book1955
09. Miscellaneous13itemAppointment Book1960
09. Miscellaneous13itemAppointment Book1954
09. Miscellaneous13itemAppointment Book1960
09. Miscellaneous13itemAppointment Book1959
09. Miscellaneous13itemAppointment Book1958
09. Miscellaneous13itemAppointment Book1957
09. Miscellaneous13itemAppointment Book1956
09. Miscellaneous13itemAppointment Book1955
09. Miscellaneous13itemAppointment Book1961
09. Miscellaneous13itemAppointment Book1961
09. Miscellaneous14itemAppointment Book1964
09. Miscellaneous14itemAppointment Book1962
09. Miscellaneous14itemAppointment Book1962
09. Miscellaneous14itemAppointment Book1964
09. Miscellaneous14itemAppointment Book1965
09. Miscellaneous14itemAppointment Book1963
09. Miscellaneous15itemAppointment Book1966
09. Miscellaneous15itemAppointment Book1968
09. Miscellaneous15itemAppointment Book1968
09. Miscellaneous15itemAppointment Book1967
09. Miscellaneous15itemAppointment Book1966
09. Miscellaneous15itemAppointment Book1967
09. Miscellaneous16itemAppointment Book1970
09. Miscellaneous16itemAppointment Book1977
09. Miscellaneous16itemAppointment Book1979
09. Miscellaneous16itemAppointment Book1976
09. Miscellaneous16itemAppointment Book1969
09. Miscellaneous16itemAppointment Book1969
09. Miscellaneous16itemAppointment Book1971
09. Miscellaneous16itemGuest book: Faulkton, SD1960
09. Miscellaneous16itemGuest book: Washington, DC1964-1965
09. Miscellaneous16itemGuest book: Washington, DC1961-1963
09. Miscellaneous17itemGuest book: Retirement1970
09. Miscellaneous17itemGuest book: Washington, DC1966-1967
09. Miscellaneous17itemGuest book: Washington, DC1967-1970
09. Miscellaneous17itemGuest book: Washington, DC1970
09. Miscellaneous181Glenard P. Lipscomb: Memorial addresses1970
09. Miscellaneous182I Am A Sioux Indian1967
09. Miscellaneous183Miscellaneous1956-1971
09. Miscellaneous184Newspaper clippings: Miscellaneous1952-1985
09. Miscellaneous185Newspaper clippings: Native Americans1956-1970
09. Miscellaneous186Newspaper clippings: Politics1960-1988
09. Miscellaneous187Newspaper clippings: Religionundated
09. Miscellaneous188Periodicals: The Amerindian1960
09. Miscellaneous189Periodicals: USD Bulletin : Institute of Indian Studies1979
09. Miscellaneous1810Press releases1960-1971
09. Miscellaneous1811Programs1960-1971
09. Miscellaneous1812Writings1967
09. Miscellaneous231House of Representatives Binder1968
10. Speeches191Speeches1955
10. Speeches192Speeches1963
10. Speeches193Speeches1964
10. Speeches194Speeches1965
10. Speeches195Speeches1966
10. Speeches196Speeches1967
10. Speeches197Speeches1968
10. Speeches198Speeches1969
10. Speeches199Speeches1970
10. Speeches1910Speeches1971
10. Speeches1911Speeches1979
10. Speeches1912Speeches1980
10. Speeches1913Speeches1981
10. Speeches1914Speeches1982
10. Speeches1915Speeches1983
10. Speeches1916Speechesundated
10. Speeches1917Clyde Gilman Doyle Memorial Addresses Book1963
11. Scrapbooks20itemCampaign advertisements1964
11. Scrapbooks20itemCorrespondence1965
11. Scrapbooks20itemNewspaper clippings and correspondence1969-1970
11. Scrapbooks26itemNewspaper clippings [oversize]1960-1962
11. Scrapbooks26itemNewspaper clippings [oversize]1960
11. Scrapbooks26itemReifel Shots [oversize]1964-1965
11. Scrapbooks27itemNewspaper clippings [oversize]1966-1967
11. Scrapbooks27itemNewspaper clippings [oversize]1968-1970
11. Scrapbooks28itemNewspaper clippings [oversize]1963-1965
12. Photographs, media110Ben Reifel Earth Day Industrial Development Foundation Meeting - DVD1970
12. Photographs, media232Audio1960-1985
12. Photographs, media233Filmsundated
12. Photographs, media234Miscellaneous photographs {SEE box 33 and 34]1953-1988
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0001 avFilm: Reifel  Boy and Brother Gravy Train, positiveundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0002 avFilm: Reifel, positiveundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0003 avFilm: Reifel 4522-11-180, negativeundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0004 avFilm: Reifel untitled, positiveundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0005 avFilm: Reifel, positiveundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0006 avFilm: Reifel , sound ? blank ?undated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0007 avFilm: 4303 Reifel, negativeundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0008 avFilm: Reifel, sound ? blank ?undated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0009 avFilm: 6576 Reifel 15-185, negativeundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0010 avFilm: 5347 Reifel 8-61, negativeundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0011 avFilm: Reifel, sound ? blank ?undated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0012 avFilm: Track tales Cong. Reifel Pre-Election Spot , no picture, sound?undated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0013 avFilm: Reifel Man on the Hill Intro, no picture, sound?undated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0014 avFilm: Reifel 2-61, negativeundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0015 avFilm: 6743 #1 Reifel 2-185 #2 Reifel, negativeundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0016 avFilm: 3977 Reifel 3-61 13-180, negativeundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0017 avFilm: 4960 Reifel 7-61, negativeundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0018 avFilm: 6743 Reifel, positiveundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0019 avFilm: 2857 Reifel 12 182, positiveundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0020 avFilm: 5346 Reifel 861 15 185, negativeundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0021 avFilm: 7674 Reifel 14 60, negativeundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0022 avFilm: Reifel – dupe – Tails, positiveundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0023 avFilm: 4536 Reifel 11 50, negativeundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0024 avFilm: Reifel, sound? Blank?undated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0025 avFilm: 6108 Reifel, negativeundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0026 avFilm: 429 Reifel, negativeundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0027 avFilm: 4522 Reifel 5-61, negativeundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0028 avFilm: Reifel, positiveundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0029 avFilm: 5112 Reifel 11 50, positiveundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0030 avFilm: Reifel used 5-16-65, positiveundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0031 avFilm: 5347 Reifel 15 185 8 -61, positiveundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0032 avFilm: 5112 Reifel 11 50, positiveundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0033 avFilm: 6372 Reifel 11-185, negativeundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0034 avFilm: 4536 Reifel 11 50, positiveundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0035 avFilm: 5817 Reifel 12 D, negativeundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0036 avFilm:  5043 Reifel 11-180, negativeundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0037 avFilm: 2857 Reifel 13 185, negativeundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0038 avFilm: Reifel, color positiveundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0039 avFilm: Reifel Little Boy Jingle, positiveundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0040 avFilm: Pix Tails Cong. Reifel Pre Election Spot, color positive, 50 ft.undated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0041 avFilm: Reifel , color positiveundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0042 avAudio reel: Reifel campaign aid (#1-2-3) for June primary, audio (2 copies)undated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0043 avAudio reel: Barbara Fitzgerald interviews Reifel, audioundated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0044 avAudio reel: Reifel campaign ads (#4-5-6) for June primary, audio (2 copies)undated
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0045 avAudio reel: Ben Reifel with Earl Crook and hunter on beet allotments for beet growers May 19, 1961, audio (2 copies)1961
12. Photographs, media31MA 9-0064 av16mm Film to DVD Transfer 
12. Photographs, media32Ben Reifel Address 1Film: Billy Sols Estes vs. Texas, 1965 black and white, sound, 1:07 TRT1965
12. Photographs, media32Ben Reifel Address 2Film: Announcing candidacy for re-election, undated black and white, sound, 0:56 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Ben Reifel Address 3Film: Announcing introduction of two bills to the House: a National Health Insurance program for citizens over 65 and an amendment to the Social Security Act black and white, sound, 0:40 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Ben Reifel Address 4Film: Announcement that the House passed the Medicare bill black and white, sound, 0:37 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Ben Reifel Address 5Film: Congratulating USD for dedication of South Dakota’s first educational television station KUSD-TV black and white, sound, 0:54 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Ben Reifel AgriculturalFilm: video of sugar beet field black and white, no sound, 1:30 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Ben Reifel Color 1Film: Announcing that he is not running for U.S. Senate in 1968 color, sound, TRT 1:131968
12. Photographs, media32Ben Reifel Color 2Film: Introduction to brief film “Your Man on the Hill” about a day in the life of a Congressman color, sound, 0:40 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Ben Reifel Color 3Film: General Kline (?) being asked about Senator Dodds Poor quality, color, no sound for half, 0:14 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Ben Reifel for CongressFilm: Memorial Day address, 1960 black and white, sound, 4:40 TRT1960
12. Photographs, media32Ben Reifel HistoryFilm: Biography, tells of family, wife Alice, 1960 black and white, sound, 8:07 TRT1960
12. Photographs, media32Ben Reifel InterviewFilm: On campaign trail color, no sound, 1:08 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Ben Reifel KelolandFilm: Introduction to Canadian documentary “The Campaigners” written and directed by Donald Brittain. Reifel was selected to represent campaign style in the United States. black and white, sound, 1:33 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Ben Reifel NegativeFilm: Same as BenReifelAddress4 - negative, sound, 0:30 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Ben Reifel NixonFilm: Reifel meeting with President Nixon in Oval Office in the White House color, no sound, 0:47 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Ben Reifel Pre-ElectionFilm: Decision to run for Congress in 1960, Meet the family: wife Alice, daughter Loyce, granddaughters Lisa and Loir, and niece Monica Johnson black and white, sound, 4:30 TRT1960
12. Photographs, media32Ben Reifel Target ShootingFilm: don’t think this is Ben black and white, no sound, 0:31 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 1Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: expandable car black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 10Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: man with 6 babies strapped to him black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 11Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: shadow puppets black and white, no sound, 0:00 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 12Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: Laurel and Hardy balancing on steel girder black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 13Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: car crashing through horse carriage, fence black and white, no sound, 0:09 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 14Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: Bill Avery speaking ? black and white, no sound, 0:28 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 15Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: cartoon elephant black and white, no sound, 0:13 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 16Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: Baby black and white, no sound, 0:09 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 17Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: Baby black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 18Film: Fred Obley for Congress – November 8th: Baby black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 19Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: Baby black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 2Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: car breaks in half black and white, no sound, 0:09 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 20Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: Baby black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 21Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: Baby black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 3Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: child cuts hat in half black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 4Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: car and airplane black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 5Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: motorcycle and train black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 6Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: airplane plucks man from motorcycle black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 7Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: airplane transfer black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 8Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: men fighting on airplane wing black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Bill Avery 9Film: Vote for Bill Avery – Experience Counts!: man falls from airplane black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Fred Obley 1Film: Fred Obley for Congress – November 8th: G.O.P/Nixon black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Fred Obley 2Film:  Fred Obley for Congress – November 8th: Baby black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Fred Obley 3Film: Fred Obley for Congress – November 8th: Baby black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Fred Obley 4Film: Fred Obley for Congress – November 8th: Baby (contains 2 clips) black and white, no sound, 0:23 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Fred Obley 5Film: Fred Obley for Congress – November 8th: Baby in tub black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Fred Obley 6Film: Fred Obley for Congress – November 8th: Baby black and white, no sound, 0:10 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Fred Obley 7Film: Fred Obley for Congress – November 8th: Baby black and white, no sound, 0:09 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32Little kidFilm: Little kid - unidentified blonde boy playing with camera black and white, no sound, 0:46 TRTundated
12. Photographs, media32MA 9-0046 avAudio reels: Introduction of 2 bills, audio (2 copies)undated
12. Photographs, media32MA 9-0047 avAudio reels: Re. E.Y. Berry campaign spot Aug. 29, 1960, audio1960
12. Photographs, media32MA 9-0048 avAudio reels: Re-elect E.Y. Berry, audioundated
12. Photographs, media32MA 9-0049 avAudio reels: Ben Reifel for Red Cross fund drive Feb. 23, 1962 (Aberdeen chapter ?) 4- 20 second spots, audio1962
12. Photographs, media32MA 9-0050 avAudio reels: Medicare bill, audioundated
12. Photographs, media32MA 9-0051 avAudio reels: Ben Reifel on Farm Bill [government controls on agriculture], audioundated
12. Photographs, media32MA 9-0052 avBen Reifel on Outlook for sugar beet hearings for May 1, 1962, audio1962
12. Photographs, media32MA 9-0053 avAudio reels: Radio spots for Bill Broomfield and Republican campaigns [14 5-60 second spots], audioundated
12. Photographs, media32MA 9-0054 avAudio reels: SD Association for retarded children fund drive, audio (2 copies)undated
12. Photographs, media32MA 9-0055 avAudio reels: WNAX Farm Advisor Lyle Hanson interviews farmers at random at the SD State Fair for their opinions on the feed grain program and the wheat program for Congressman Ben Reifel, audioundated
12. Photographs, media32MA 9-0056 avAudio reels: States asking supreme court to declare electoral college system unconstitutional, audioundated
12. Photographs, media32MA 9-0057 avAudio reels: Choice not to run for Senate in 1968, audio1968
12. Photographs, media32MA 9-0058 avAudio reels: Minnehaha County Republican party Lincoln Day dinner honoring Ben Reifel March 25, 1977, audio (reel copy)1977
12. Photographs, media32MA 9-0059 avAudio reels: Reifel for Congress (2 spots) Republican song, audioundated
12. Photographs, media32MA 9-0060 avAudio reels: Minnehaha County Republican Party Lincoln Day Dinner honoring Reifel March 25, 1977, audio (cassette copy) MISSING1977
12. Photographs, media32MA 9-0061 avAudio reels: Earl L. Bailey Memorial Service Jan. 13, 1985, audio MISSING1985
12. Photographs, media32MA 9-0062 avAudio reels: The Job of the Field support committee, audio MISSINGundated
12. Photographs, media32Ma 9-0063 avAudio reels: EROS luncheon Industrial Development Foundation meeting April 23, 1970, audio1970
12. Photographs, media32MA0009_av_0001Audiocassette: Minnehaha County Republican Party Lincoln Day Dinner honoring Ben Reifel1977
12. Photographs, media32MA0009_av_0002Audiocassette: Earl L. Bailey Memorial Service January 13, 1985 South Dakota Wales Church of God1985
12. Photographs, media32MA0009_av_0003Audiocassette: The Job of the Field Support Committeeundated
12. Photographs, media32MA0009_av_0004Audiocassette: EROS luncheon Industrial Development Foundation Meeting1970
12. Photographs, media32William H. (Bill) AveryAudio reels: William H. (Bill) Avery - U.S. House of Representatives for Kansas 1955-1965, Kansas governor 1965-1967, U.S. Senate candidate for Kansas in 1968 Fred Obley – U.S. Senate candidate for Pennsylvania in 19601968
12. Photographs, media330001-0860Photographs 
12. Photographs, media340861-1059Photographs