Benjamin Reifel papers
Ben (Benjamin) Reifel, 1906-1990
22.66 linear feet [34 boxes], photographs, sound recordings-nonmusical; moving images
South Dakota State University Archives and Special Collections, Hilton M. Briggs Library, Brookings, South Dakota.
This collection is open to researchers without restrictions. The materials in the Archives do not circulate and may be used in-house only.
Name of item, MA 9, box #, folder #, Benjamin Reifel Papers, South Dakota State University Archives and Special Collections, Hilton M. Briggs Library, Brookings, South Dakota.
Benjamin Reifel was a Lakota Sioux and a Republican United States Congressman from the First District of South Dakota. This collection of his papers is composed of memorabilia, scrapbooks, campaign items, and personal items related to Reifel's career as a public servant, especially his years in the United States Senate and his work with the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
Benjamin Reifel was born on September 19, 1906 in a log cabin near Parmelee, South Dakota, on the Rosebud Reservation. He was the son of a German-American father, William Reifel, and a full-blooded Lakota Sioux, Lucy Burning Breast. Ben Reifel was an enrolled member of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe; his Indian name was Lone Feather.
He attended both a Rosebud Reservation boarding school and a county school. He graduated from the eighth grade at age sixteen and spoke both the Lakota and the English languages. After working on his parents' farm for three years, he entered the School of Agriculture in Brookings, S.D. Upon completion of this high school program in 1928, he enrolled as a special student at South Dakota State College. He paid his own way through four years of college, with the aid of one of the first loans made available to Indian students under the program for the education of Indians recommended by the Merriam survey. He graduated in 1932 with a Bachelor of Science degree in agriculture. In his senior year, he was elected President of the Students' Association. Mr. Reifel married a college classmate, Alice Janet Johnson of Erwin, SD, on December 26, 1933. They had only one child, Loyce Nadine, who is married to Emery Andersen.
After graduation in 1932, Ben was hired as boy's advisor at Hare's School in Mission, S.D. In 1933, he began a long, distinguished career with the Bureau of Indian Affairs, when he was appointed "farm agent" at Oglala, on the Pine Ridge Reservation. That first appointment lasted only a year before he was promoted to "field agent" at the headquarters in Pierre, SD. He was assigned to promote the new programs under the Indian Reorganization Act signed by President Roosevelt in 1934. This was a period of drought and intense hardship on the reservations, and young Ben, although meeting with counter agitation from some members of the tribes, was extraordinarily successful in winning support for the Reorganization Act, first at Pine Ridge and later on other reservations across South Dakota. He is credited with the major responsibility for making the programs of the Bureau effective on South Dakota reservations.
World War II interrupted his career in the B.I.A. Mr. Reifel had been commissioned as Second Lieutenant in the U.S. Army Reserve in 1931. In March of 1942, Ben was ordered to active duty and served in the Army until July 1946. He obtained distinction in France and Germany and achieved the rank of Lt. Colonel. After his discharge, Ben continued his work with the BIA. He was appointed Tribal Relations Officer and later served as Superintendent of the Fort Berthold Reservation in North Dakota.
In 1949, Mr. Reifel felt the need to continue his education. He was awarded a scholarship in public administration at Harvard University, where he received his Master’s Degree in 1950. A John Hay Whitney Foundation Opportunity Fellowship enabled him to further his education. He completed his Doctorate in Public Administration in 1952. After graduation, Dr. Reifel returned once more to the BIA. After a brief period in the Bureau of Indian Affairs office in Washington, D.C., he returned to Fort Berthold as Reservation Superintendent. He then served at the Pine Ridge Reservation and in 1955 was appointed Area Director of the Aberdeen Area Office in Aberdeen, SD. Now responsible for more than a thousand employees, and for application of federal policies and programs among the Indians of South Dakota, North Dakota, and Nebraska, he played his strongest role as administrator, serving to within three years of retirement.
During this period and immediately following, the distinction of Dr. Reifel's career was marked by several awards. He received the Outstanding American Indian Award in 1956 and the Annual Indian Achievement Award by the "Indian Council Fire" in 1960. That same year he received the Silver Antelope Award from the Boy Scouts, also the Silver Beaver, Silver Buffalo, and Gray Wolf Awards in Scouting. He also received the Department of Interior's Distinguished Service Award in 1961 for an outstanding career with the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
In 1960, Dr. Reifel resigned from the Bureau to run for Congress in the First District, South Dakota. He was elected by a substantial margin and served for five terms as Representative from South Dakota. His political popularity was reflected in the solid support he received in every election. He was regarded as a "conservative Republican," and a thinker who prepared himself well on legislative matters, always able to give a substantial and thoughtful basis for his stand on issues. He was the first person of Sioux ancestry to serve in the Congress, and the only Native American in Congress throughout the 1960's.
While a member of congress, Dr. Reifel held several important committee assignments. In his first term, he was appointed to the House Agricultural Committee; in his second, to the House Committee on Appropriations. Thereafter, he served as ranking Republican on the House Appropriations subcommittee on Interior Department Affairs.
Using these important posts, Congressman Reifel gave distinguished service on behalf of his constituents. He worked hard for farming interests in South Dakota and the plains states in general, opposing cuts in farm support programs, pushing the Oahe irrigation project, and similar matters vital to the state. At the same time, he continued to work vigorously for Indian education, with significant accomplishments. A stern opponent of segregation, he believed that the key to the plight of the Indian people lay in educational programs enrolling Indian and non-Indian students together in modern progressive facilities. While in congress Dr. Reifel gave his support to the Civil Rights Act of 1966 and to the act increasing the minimum wage. Reifel was instrumental in getting the Earth Resources Observation Systems center (EROS) located in South Dakota and in keeping Ellsworth Air Force Base as an active military base in the state. On a broader national level, he was instrumental in securing passage of legislation, which created the National Arts Council and the National Endowment for the Humanities.
Despite his popularity and success, Congressman Reifel decided not to seek reelection in 1970. Although intending to retire in 1971, he remained very active. He accepted an appointment by President Nixon as chairman of the National Capital Planning Commission, and served as Special Assistant for Indian programs to the Director of the National Park Service in the Department of the Interior. He also served as Interim Commissioner of Indian Affairs during the last two months of the Ford Administration. Ben also gave many speeches, speaking at Memorial Day and July 4th celebrations and several high school and university commencement exercises.
Throughout the 1960's and 1970's, Ben was a member of several organizations. He was a member of the Masons, Rotarians, and Elks. He also served on the National Council of the Protestant Episcopal Church and the National Council of the Boy Scouts of America. He also served as National president of Arrow, Inc., an Indian service organization. In 1977, Ben became a trustee of the South Dakota Art Museum in Brookings, SD and served terms as their board president in 1982-83. He established the first Native American collection at the Art Museum in 1977, donating most of his personal collection.
Since Reifel's retirement in 1970, he was honored by several South Dakota colleges and universities. He received honorary doctorates from South Dakota State University, the University of South Dakota, and Northern State College.
Ben's first wife, Alice Johnson Reifel, died of pneumonia on February 8, 1972. Ben remarried on August 14, 1972 to Frances U. Colby of De Smet, S.D. Ben died of Cancer on January 2, 1990.
This collection is arranged into twelve series:
- Awards and plaques
- Bureau of Indian Affairs
- Collected material
- Family history
- Photos and Audiovisual
Material in most of the series is arranged in alphabetical order within each series. Material in the Awards and plaques series is arranged by size. Folders in the correspondence series are arranged chronological order except for the correspondence from dignitaries, which is arranged alphabetically. The Speeches are also arranged chronologically.
This collection is composed of memorabilia, scrapbooks, campaign items, and personal items related to Reifel's career as a public servant, especially his years in the United States Senate and his work with the Bureau of Indian Affairs. The bulk of congressional material is memorabilia and scrapbooks and not records related to his term of office. Other materials are related chiefly to his post-congressional speaking career.
The activities series is composed of files related to activities that Reifel worked on throughout his life. These items include correspondence and miscellaneous items from Reifel's work with the Boy Scouts of America, the National Park Service, the South Dakota Art Museum and the South Dakota Committee on the Humanities. There are four files of Dakota Territory Citizen Certificates which was a project Reifel worked on after being elected for the first time. These include thank you letters from every member of Congress. Also included are items about Native Americans, trips made by Reifel while in Congress, and several activities that were executed by virtue of being a Congressman.
Awards and Plaques are composed of certificates, medals, ribbons and honors received by Reifel over the years. Included are commemorations, certificates of appreciation and honorary degrees. Also included are gavels and medals, some from the Boy Scouts of America. This material is arranged alphabetically except for unusual items (i.e. gavels, medals), which are arranged by size.
The plaques consist of honors received by Reifel over the years. Included is a plaque from the Boy Scouts of America, distinguished service awards, and awards from Sioux tribes and South Dakota State University.
The Bureau of Indian Affairs material is composed of correspondence, newsletters, newspaper clippings, and some office paperwork and miscellaneous items collected by Reifel during his years with the Bureau.
The Campaigns series is composed of donation and expense material, which includes bank deposits, statements and receipts, cancelled checks, and receipts related to advertising, travel and general office expenses. Also included are committees, sample ballots, schedules, and the South Dakota Republican Party platform for 1960.
The Collected material is composed of material Reifel collected over the years and includes art books, newspaper clippings, periodicals, programs, poetry, printed material, and miscellaneous items.
The correspondence dates from Reifel's time with the BIA in 1946 until just before his death in 1990. The bulk of the correspondence is from 1961-71, the years Reifel served as U.S. Congressman for the First District, South Dakota. Also included are personal letters from Barry Goldwater, Bob Dole, George McGovern, Gerald Ford, Hubert Humphrey, Karl Mundt, Lyndon Johnson, Nelson Rockefeller, Richard Nixon, and Spiro Agnew.
The Family history material is composed of biographies of Reifel, educational memorabilia, family marriage and death information, information about Reifel's military career, and writing about Reifel written by Reifel.
The memorabilia is composed of campaign material; bumper stickers, cards, pins, pamphlets and flyers, programs, and a US Annotated Code book with Reifel's name embossed on the front cover. The library received the entire series of the US Annotated Code, but kept only one book due to space issues. Also included is presidential inauguration material from John F. Kennedy, Lyndon Johnson, Richard Nixon and Jimmy Carter. These are inaugurations that Reifel attended and include invitations, booklets, and ticket memorabilia.
The miscellaneous series is composed of appointment books from 1954-1979, guest books from Reifel's office in Washington, D.C., newspaper clippings, periodicals, programs, press releases, a House of Representatives binder from 1968 and writings by Reifel.
The speeches series consists mainly of speeches Reifel gave at various functions. Included are Memorial Day and July 4th celebration speeches and addresses given at high school and university commencement exercises.
The Scrapbooks are composed mainly of newspaper clippings and campaign advertisements.
The Photographs and Audiovidual are composed of photographs, negatives, audiocassettes, audio reels, films, and videocassettes.
The audio materials consist of campaign advertisements for Reifel and the Republican Party, but also includes radio features for E. Y. Berry and Bill Broomfield. Several audio items detail House bills that Reifel either sponsored or was in favor of, including a health insurance bill, Medicare and several farm issues. Some feature radio spots for fund drives for the Red Cross and the South Dakota Association for Retarded Children. Also included is luncheon and dinner speaking engagements that feature Reifel as a speaker or an honoree. An item of note is an interview conducted by Barbara Fitzgerald for "Kennedy Center Presents." In this interview Reifel talks about his family history and discusses American Indians in South Dakota and the federal government's treatment of the Indian on Reservations. The format of the audiotapes is mainly reels, but also includes a few cassettes. This material is arranged by size.
The films include several filmed speeches, many of which are unidentifiable due to the nature of the media on which they were produced. These will eventually be transferred to a more usable media.
The bulk of the photographs are from Reifel's service as an U.S. Congressman.
This is the collection of Ben Reifel, a distinguished South Dakota State University graduate and native South Dakotan whose achievements include being the first Sioux Indian elected to Congress. Unfortunately, this collection represents only a portion of the material created during his lifetime.
Following Reifel's death in 1990, an extensive search was conducted for the remainder of his papers, specifically materials related to his work in Congress. The search was conducted mainly by Rolly Samp, an associate of Reifel, who contacted many of Ben's Washington contacts, as well as the Senate history office. None of the files, which were presumably left in Washington after he left office, could be located. It can be assumed that the materials were discarded and subsequently lost.
Although the bulk of congressional papers are not extant, the remainder of this collection is not uninteresting. It offers a unique and irreplaceable look at a unique individual, who was extremely important to the history of South Dakota State University, and the history of South Dakota.
- Dakota Indians
- Legislators -- South Dakota
- Reifel, Ben (Benjamin), Representative (S.D.), 1906-1990
- United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Aberdeen Area Office
- United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Officials and employees
- United States. Congress. House. (Member's papers)
Conditions Governing Access
This collection is open to researchers without restrictions. The materials in the Archives do not circulate and may be used in-house only.
Researchers conducting extensive research are asked to make an advance appointment to access archival material. Please call or e-mail prior to visiting the collection and indicate as much detail as possible about a particular topic and intended use.
South Dakota State University supports access to the materials, published and unpublished, in its collections. Nonetheless, access to some items may be restricted as a result of their fragile condition or by contractual agreements with donors.
Copyright restrictions apply in different ways to different materials. Many of the documents and other historical materials in the Archives are in the public domain and may be reproduced and used in any way. There are other materials in the Archive carrying a copyright interest and must be used according to the provisions of Title 17 of the U.S. Code. The Archive issues a warning concerning copyright restrictions to every researcher who requests copies of documents. Although the copyright law is under constant redefinition in the courts, it is ultimately the responsibility of the researcher to properly use copyrighted material.
Arranged and Described by
Crystal J. Gamradt, 1998 June 16.
|Activities||1||1||Alumni-South Dakota State Univsersity Aggie Picnic||1983|
|Activities||1||2||Boy Scouts: Correspondence||1957-1984|
|Activities||1||3||Boy Scouts: Miscellaneous||1959-1981|
|Activities||24||1||Briefing Kit for Ben Reifel's Trip to China||1962|
|Activities||1||4||Dakota Territory Citizen Certificates: Abernethy-Everett||1961|
|Activities||1||5||Dakota Territory Citizen Certificates: Fascell-Multer||1961|
|Activities||1||6||Dakota Territory Citizen Certificates: Norrell-Zelenko||1961|
|Activities||1||7||Delegation of the Mexico-United States Interparliamentary Group||1962-1967|
|Activities||1||8||Former Members of Congress||1974-1988|
|Activities||1||9||Freedoms Foundation at Valley Forge||1974-1985|
|Activities||2||1||House Committee Assignments||1961-1963|
|Activities||2||2||House Wednesday Group||1988|
|Activities||2||3||Moral Re-Armament, Department of Racial and Cultural Relations of the South Dakota Council of Churches||1965|
|Activities||2||4||National Park Service||1970-1974|
|Activities||2||5||Native Americans: Arrow, Inc.||1957|
|Activities||2||6||Native Americans: Black Hills Claim||1965-1978|
|Activities||2||7||Native Americans: Education||1970|
|Activities||2||8||Native Americans: Forum Inc. of the Great Plains||1968|
|Activities||2||9||Native Americans: Indian Council Fire||1970|
|Activities||2||10||Native Americans: Northwest Indian 4-H Seminar||1950-1977|
|Activities||2||11||Native Americans: Rosebud Sioux Tribal Election Dispute||1975-1976|
|Activities||2||13||Religion: Prayer Breakfast Meetings||1966-1970|
|Activities||2||12||Religion: Share South Dakota||1961-1969|
|Activities||2||14||Retirement from Congress||1969-1971|
|Activities||2||15||South Dakota Committee on the Humanities, Distinghuished Award in the Humanities||1976|
|Activities||2||16||South Dakota Memorial Art Center||1976-1986|
|Activities||3||2||Trips: Chicago [Indian Council Fire Indian Achievement Award presentation]||1960|
|Activities||3||6||Trips: Southern European Task Force||1961|
|Awards and plaques||21||Item 5||3 coins: U.S.S. South Dakota Battleship X||1942|
|Awards and plaques||29||Item 1||All American Indian Days award: Outstanding American Indian of the Year [oversize]||1956|
|Awards and plaques||29||Item 2||Americans for Constitutional Action the Board of Trustees has conferred upon Ben Reifel the Distinguished Service Award [oversize]||1969|
|Awards and plaques||30||Item 4||Appreciation from the Dell Rapids High School Band Plaque||1966|
|Awards and plaques||30||Item 2||Boy Scouts of America Appreciation for Service Plaque||1967|
|Awards and plaques||22||Item 1||Boy Scouts of America Silver Antelope Award||undated|
|Awards and plaques||22||Item 2||Boy Scouts of America Silver Beaver Award||undated|
|Awards and plaques||22||Item 3||Boy Scouts of America Silver Buffalo Award||undated|
|Awards and plaques||22||Item 4||Boy Scouts of America Silver Wolf Award||undated|
|Awards and plaques||21||Item 8||Boy Scouts of America: Signed Print [oversize]||1984|
|Awards and plaques||29||Item 3||Centennial Certificate [oversize]||1981|
|Awards and plaques||24||2||Chairman of the National Capitol Planning Commission Appointment||1970-1971|
|Awards and plaques||30||Item 3||College of Home Economics at S.D.S.U. Honorary Home Economist Award||undated|
|Awards and plaques||21||Item 7||Congressional ribbons||undated|
|Awards and plaques||21||Item 2||Gavel: Compliments of Odin and Lillian made by Joe Langen||undated|
|Awards and plaques||21||Item 3||Gavel: From 2nd Billionth Board Foot Harvested on the Black Hills National Forest||1968|
|Awards and plaques||21||Item 4||Medallion: City of New York||1966 May 20|
|Awards and plaques||30||Item 6||National Advisory Council on the Education of Disadvantaged Children Award||1974-1978|
|Awards and plaques||30||Item 5||Oglala Sioux Tribal Council Distinguished Service Award||1978|
|Awards and plaques||30||Item 1||Outstanding Service to the Lower Brule Corporation Plaque 1978-1989||1989|
|Awards and plaques||21||Item 6||Plaque in velvet box: One fragment of about a million Russian-made shells landed on Kinmen from Commanding General Kinmen Defense Command, Republic of China||1962|
|Awards and plaques||21||Item 1||Rock Pick Hammer: 1720 Inf BOE (M)||1964|
|Awards and plaques||29||Item 4||S.D.S.U. Foundation Distinguished University Benefactor plaque||1989|
|Awards and plaques||30||Item 7||Sioux Falls Development Foundation Award||1972|
|Awards and plaques||30||Item 8||South Dakota Committee on the Humanities Distinguished Award in the Humanities||1976|
|Awards and plaques||30||Item 9||South Dakota State University President's Club of the '80s||undated|
|Awards and plaques||21||Item 9||Victory team||1966|
|Awards and plaques||30||Item 10||Workshop Library on World Humor Award||1986|
|Awards, plaques||3||7||Certificates of Appreciation||1960-1986|
|Awards, plaques||3||9||Distinguished Service||1957-1984|
|Awards, plaques||3||10||Honorary Degrees||1971-1981|
|Awards, plaques||3||11||Miscellaneous awards||1931-1990|
|Awards, plaques||3||8||South Dakota House commemoration recognizing Reifel's death||1990|
|Bureau of Indian Affairs||3||13||Bureau of Indian Affairs Map||1923|
|Bureau of Indian Affairs||3||14||Bureau of Indian Affairs; Indian Health and Education||1950-1968, undated|
|Bureau of Indian Affairs||3||12||Correspondence related to his appointment as Superintendent of Pine Ridge Schools||1954-1957|
|Bureau of Indian Affairs||3||16||Newspaper clippings related to Reifel's appointment as Commissioner of Indian Affairs||1953-1976|
|Bureau of Indian Affairs||4||1||Office paperwork||1940-1987|
|Bureau of Indian Affairs||3||15||Pine Ridge Agency Bureau of Indians Affairs Newsletters||1954-1976|
|Bureau of Indian Affairs||4||2||Testimonial remarks, itineraries, and other documents||1948-1965|
|Campaigns||4||4||Bumper Stickers||circa 1960s|
|Campaigns||4||3||Campaign Brochures||circa 1960s|
|Campaigns||24||3||Campaign Contributors Ledger||1960|
|Campaigns||5||4||Campaign Pins||circa 1960s|
|Campaigns||4||5||Cards: Advertisements||circa 1960s|
|Campaigns||4||6||Donations: Bank deposits and receipts||1960|
|Campaigns||5||3||Episcopal Men of South Dakota Mailing List||1960|
|Campaigns||4||8||Expenses: Affidavit of Campaign Expenses||1960|
|Campaigns||4||13||Expenses: Campaign Advertising Expenses for the Ben Reifel Campaign||1960|
|Campaigns||4||9||Expenses: Campaign financial statements for Alumni for Ben||1960|
|Campaigns||4||10||Expenses: Campaign financial statements for the Reifel Campaign Fund||1960|
|Campaigns||4||11||Expenses: Campaign financial statements for the Reifel for Congress||1960|
|Campaigns||4||12||Expenses: Campaign financial statements for Women for Reifel||1960|
|Campaigns||4||14||Expenses: Office Expenses for the Ben Reifel Campaign||1960|
|Campaigns||4||15||Expenses: Travel Expenses for the Ben Reifel Campaign||1960|
|Campaigns||5||1||Federal Laws relating to campaigns||1960|
|Campaigns||5||5||Reifel for Congress Committee||1960|
|Campaigns||5||6||Reifel's Stand on Campaign Issues||1960|
|Campaigns||5||9||Republican Senate Nomination||1962-1963|
|Campaigns||5||7||Sample Primary Election Ballots||1960|
|Campaigns||5||10||South Dakota Press Service Campaign Advertising||circa 1960s|
|Campaigns||5||11||South Dakota Republication party platform||1960|
|Campaigns||5||12||Stationery (Letterhead and envelopes)||circa 1960s|
|Collected material||25||1||Al Hayat: The American Indians-Yesterday and Today||1962|
|Collected material||5||13||All American Indian Days||1956|
|Collected material||25||2||American Illustrated||undated|
|Collected material||5||14||Art Book: Harvey Dunn Paintings and Drawings Exhibition Catalog||1974|
|Collected material||5||15||Articles collected by Reifel||1959-1981|
|Collected material||5||18||Clippings: Miscellaneous articles on Reifel's activities, events, and notable people||1950-1987|
|Collected material||6||1||Clippings: Reifel and other Native Americans||1953-1987|
|Collected material||5||17||Clippings: Reifel's work with the Boy Scouts||1955-1984|
|Collected material||6||2||Clippings: World Wide Aid Program||1951|
|Collected material||25||4||Commemorative Booklets of Congressional Dinners||1961, 1970|
|Collected material||6||3||Congressional Pictorial Directory||1968, 1970|
|Collected material||6||4||Hearings Before the House of Representatives Committee on Rules and the Senate Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs||1966, 1968|
|Collected material||25||3||Hill Country; Lyndon Johnson's Texas||1966|
|Collected material||6||5||Historical Overview of the Indian Life in South Dakota||undated|
|Collected material||6||6||How to Go Broke in the Tourist Business (Particularly on an Indian Reservation by Harry G. Clement||1973|
|Collected material||6||7||Humor collected by Reifel and material related to the Workshop Library of World Humor award||undated|
|Collected material||6||8||Humor: Orben's Current Comedy newsletters||1983-1984|
|Collected material||7||1||Indian Achievement Award of the Indian Council Fire booklet||1982|
|Collected material||7||2||Institute of the American West publications||1982-1983|
|Collected material||5||16||Miocene Faunas from the Wounded Knee Area of Western South Dakota, Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History||1963|
|Collected material||7||3||Miscellaneous articles, pamphlets, and booklets pertaining to American Indian rights||1956-1986|
|Collected material||7||4||Newsletters: Flandreau Indian School and Native American Theological Association||1967-1982|
|Collected material||7||6||Poetry, American Indian||undated|
|Collected material||7||5||Political Pamphlets||1952-1987|
|Collected material||7||7||Programs for events that Reifel attended or was a speaker||1954-1985|
|Collected material||8||1||Reports on community health at Pine Ridge Reservation||1966-1969|
|Collected material||8||2||Wakinyan: Contemporary Teton Dakota Religion by Stephen E. Feraca||1963|
|Collected material||25||5||What's New [oversize]||1950|
|Correspondence||11||9||Gerald R. Ford||1965-1970|
|Correspondence||11||10||Hubert H. Humphrey||1966|
|Correspondence||11||11||Karl E. Mundt||1960-1965|
|Correspondence||23||5||Linda Hasselstrom (Crazy Horse)||1965-1986|
|Correspondence||11||12||Lyndon B. Johnson||1964-1966|
|Correspondence||11||13||Nelson A. Rockefeller||1968|
|Correspondence||11||14||Richard M. Nixon||1962-1970|
|Correspondence||11||15||Spiro T. Agnew||1970|
|Family history||11||17||Education: Elementary to Doctorate||1923-1952|
|Family history||11||18||Marriages and deaths of family members||1905-1972|
|Family history||11||20||Passports, tax records, Elks membership certificate||1953-1982|
|Family history||11||21||Writings: poems, biographies, short stories, speeches||1949-1950, undated|
|Memorabilia||12||1||Campaign Promotional Material: Bumper stickers, cards, and pins||undated|
|Memorabilia||12||2||Campaign Promotional Material: Pamphlets, flyers, and stationery||undated|
|Memorabilia||12||3||Membership and Business Cards, Permits, Notes||1964, undated|
|Memorabilia||12||4||Naval ships: U.S.S. John F. Kennery CVA-67 and U.S.S. Lake Champlain CV-39 Aircraft Carriers Booklets||1962-1967|
|Memorabilia||12||5||Presidential inauguration Memorabilia: Jimmy Carter||1977|
|Memorabilia||12||6||Presidential inauguration Memorabilia: John F. Kennedy||1961|
|Memorabilia||12||7||Presidential inauguration Memorabilia: Lyndon B. Johnson||1965|
|Memorabilia||12||8||Presidential inauguration Memorabilia: Richard M. Nixon||1969|
|Memorabilia||12||9||Programs for events that Reifel attended or was a speaker||1954-1989|
|Memorabilia||12||10||United States Code Annotated Title 11 Bankruptcy Sections 53 to 93||1968|
|Miscellaneous||13||Item 1||Appointment Book||1955|
|Miscellaneous||13||Item 2||Appointment Book||1960|
|Miscellaneous||13||Item 3||Appointment Book||1954|
|Miscellaneous||13||Item 4||Appointment Book||1960|
|Miscellaneous||13||Item 5||Appointment Book||1959|
|Miscellaneous||13||Item 6||Appointment Book||1958|
|Miscellaneous||13||Item 7||Appointment Book||1957|
|Miscellaneous||13||Item 8||Appointment Book||1956|
|Miscellaneous||13||Item 9||Appointment Book||1955|
|Miscellaneous||13||Item 10||Appointment Book||1961|
|Miscellaneous||13||Item 11||Appointment Book||1961|
|Miscellaneous||14||Item 1||Appointment Book||1964|
|Miscellaneous||14||Item 2||Appointment Book||1962|
|Miscellaneous||14||Item 3||Appointment Book||1962|
|Miscellaneous||14||Item 4||Appointment Book||1964|
|Miscellaneous||14||Item 5||Appointment Book||1965|
|Miscellaneous||14||Item 6||Appointment Book||1963|
|Miscellaneous||15||Item 1||Appointment Book||1966|
|Miscellaneous||15||Item 2||Appointment Book||1968|
|Miscellaneous||15||Item 3||Appointment Book||1968|
|Miscellaneous||15||Item 4||Appointment Book||1967|
|Miscellaneous||15||Item 5||Appointment Book||1966|
|Miscellaneous||15||Item 6||Appointment Book||1967|
|Miscellaneous||16||Item 1||Appointment Book||1970|
|Miscellaneous||16||Item 2||Appointment Book||1977|
|Miscellaneous||16||Item 3||Appointment Book||1979|
|Miscellaneous||16||Item 4||Appointment Book||1976|
|Miscellaneous||16||Item 5||Appointment Book||1969|
|Miscellaneous||16||Item 6||Appointment Book||1969|
|Miscellaneous||16||Item 7||Appointment Book||1971|
|Miscellaneous||18||1||Glenard P. Lipscomb: Memorial Addresses Delivered in Congress||1970|
|Miscellaneous||16||Item 8||Guest book: Faulkton, South Dakota||1960|
|Miscellaneous||17||Item 04||Guest book: Retirement||1970|
|Miscellaneous||16||Item 9||Guest book: Washington, D.C.||1964-1965|
|Miscellaneous||16||Item 10||Guest book: Washington, D.C.||1961-1963|
|Miscellaneous||17||Item 01||Guest book: Washington, D.C.||1966-1967|
|Miscellaneous||17||Item 02||Guest book: Washington, D.C.||1967-1970|
|Miscellaneous||17||Item 03||Guest book: Washington, D.C.||1970|
|Miscellaneous||23||1||House of Representatives Binder||1968|
|Miscellaneous||18||2||I Am A Sioux Indian||1967|
|Miscellaneous||18||3||Miscellaneous Papers on Indian Health and Education||1956-1971|
|Miscellaneous||18||6||Newspaper Clippings on Ben Reifel's Campaigns||1960-1988|
|Miscellaneous||18||4||Newspaper Clippings on Ben Reifel's Career in Congress and Director of National Park Service||1952-1985|
|Miscellaneous||18||5||Newspaper Clippings on Ben Reifel's Outstanding Indian Award||1956-1970|
|Miscellaneous||18||7||Newspaper clippings on Ben Reifel's Speaking Engagements||undated|
|Miscellaneous||18||9||Periodicals University of South Dakota Institute of Indian Studies||1979|
|Miscellaneous||18||8||Periodicals: AmerIndian Article on Reifel||1960|
|Miscellaneous||18||10||Press Releases Regarding Ben Reifel||1960-1971|
|Miscellaneous||18||11||Programs for Events Attended by Ben Reifel||1960-1971|
|Miscellaneous||18||12||Writings by Ben Reifel||1967|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0012||Barbara Fitzgerald interview Congressman Ben Riefel where he talks about his background, American Indians, and reservations. [1/4" Open-reel tape]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0023||Ben Reifel on flaxseed #1 [2-16mm films]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0067||Ben Reifel being interviewed at an outdoor campaign rally. There is no sound. [MV4]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0019||Ben Reifel Campaign Advertisements for Primary Election: Three 1 minute campaign advertisements for Ben Reifel sent to radio stations to be aired during the primary election in June. [6-1/4" Open-reel tapes]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0020||Ben Reifel Campaign Advertisements for Primary Election: Three 1 minute campaign advertisements for Ben Reifel sent to radio stations to be aired during the primary election in June. [6-1/4" Open-reel tapes]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0059||Ben Reifel congratulates the University of South Dakota for the dedication of South Dakota's first educational television station, KUSD-TV. [MV4]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0008||Ben Reifel for Congress Radio Advertisements: Two Ben Reifel radio advertisements, 'Reifel for Congress'. Included is a Republican song. [1/4" Open-reel tape]|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0065||Ben Reifel introduces his family and talks about his reasons for running for Congress in the First District of South Dakota. He also thanks his supporters and other candidates and asks constituents for their votes. Ben Reifel intorduces his grandaughters, Lisa and Laura Anderson, his daughter Loyce, his neice, Monica Johnson, and his wife Alice Reifel. [MV4]||1960|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0025||Ben Reifel introduces 'Your Man on the Hill', a short film showing the day and life of a Congressman. There is a short clip of the film at the end, but does not show the film in its entirety. [2-16mm films]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0062||Ben Reifel makes remarks on Memorial Day of the price of liberty and recites the poem 'The Golden Key' by Carrie Jacobs Bond. He ends asking for listeners support in the upcoming election. There is a sign on the desk Reifel is seated at that reads ' Ben Reifel for Congress'. [MV4]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0011||Ben Reifel on Farm Bill, government controls on agriculture. [1/4" Open-reel tape]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0017||Ben Reifel on outlook for sugar beet hearings. [1/4" Open-reel tape]||1964 April 16|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0018||Ben Reifel Radio Spots for Red Cross Fund Drive: Four 20 second radio spots of Ben Reifel for fund drive the Aberdeen, South Dakota Chapter of the Red Cross. [1/4" Open-reel tape]||1962 February 23|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0013||Ben Reifel remarks about two bills he introduced to Congress. A nationwide health insurance program to those over the age of 65 and an amendment to the Social Security Act. [2-1/4" Open-reel tapes]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0057||Ben Reifel remarks about two bills he introduced to Congress. A nationwide health insurance program to those over the age of 65 and an amendment to the Social Security Act. [MV4]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0063||Ben Reifel talk of his background of growing up on a small farm on the Rosebud Reservation in South Dakota, his education at South Dakota State College and Harvard University, his time in the military, and his career with the Bureau of Indian Affairs. He also speaks of his decision to run for Congress. His wife, Alice, appears near the end to stand by her husband in a show of support. He ends by asking listeners for their vote in the primary election in 1960. [MV4]||1960|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0016||Ben Reifel talks about the medicare bill and its features, as well as other things he has supported, such as social security. [1/4" Open-reel tape]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0058_01||Ben Reifel talks of his support of the Medicare Bill. [MV4]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0058_02||Ben Reifel talks of his support of the Medicare Bill. [MV4]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0022||Ben Reifel, Earl Crook, and Don Hunter on beet allotments for beet growers before the Agriculture Committee meeting in Washington, D.C. Guest represent two separate South Dakota Beet Growers Assiciations. [8-1/4" Open-reel tapes]||1961 May 19|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0056||Ben Reifel's statement of the business operations of Billie Sol Estes with the U.S. Government. [MV4]||1966|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0021||Ben Reigen Campaign Advertisements: Campaign advertisements for Ben Reifel sent to radio stations to be aired during the election. [10-1/4" Open-reel tapes]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0026||Boy and Brother Gravy Train [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0015||Campaign advertisement for E.Y. Berry and Ben Reifel. Berry talk on spending tax dollars and how the spenders plan is to condition citizens to go with their programs by saying Russia is better and the United states is second rate giving the scenario of if the United States traded places with Russia. [1/4" Open-reel tape]||1960 August 29|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0066||Campaign advertisements for Bill Avery, Kansas Republican candidate in 1954; and Fred A. Obley, Pennsylvania Republican candidate for Congress in 1955. The recording consists of film clip of old time movies, such as Laurel and Hardy and Buster Keaton, and photographs of various babies. The clips are followed by a sign that reads 'Vote Bill Avery Experience Counts!' or 'Fred Obley for Congress Nov. 8th'. One of the ads has an image of Richard Nixon and another of President Eisenhower speaking. There are 28 ads in total: 21 for Bill Avery and 7 for Fred Obley. This does not have sound.||1954-1955|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0061||Congressman Ben Reifel announces his decision to not run for Senate in the 1968 election. [MV4]||1968|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0005||Congressman Ben Reifel Senate Seat Announcement: Congressman Ben Reifel announces his decision to not run for Senate in the 1968 election. [2-1/4" Open-reel tapes]||1968|
|Photos and Audiovisual||23||4||Correspondence and documents that accompanied photographic material||1953-1988|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0014||E.Y. Berry Campaign Advertisements: Six 30 second radio advertisements to re-elect E.Y. Berry to Congress. An advertisements for Gambil's in Mobridge, South Dakota is also on the recording. [1/4" Open-reel tape]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0010||Earl L. Bailey Memorial Service January 13, 1985 South Dakota Wales Church of God. Contains hymns and sermons from a church service. [1/4" Open-reel tape]||1985 January 13|
|Photos and Audiovisual||1||10||Earth Day Development Foundation Meeting in Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Speakers talk about ecology, the environment, and the EROS Data Center. South Dakota Governor Frank Farrar, Congressman Ben Reifel, and other dignitaries are speaking. [DVD]||1970|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0004||Electorial College System Unconstitutional: States asking supreme court to declare electoral college system unconstitutional. [1/4" Open-reel tape]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0002_01||EROS luncheon Industrial Development: Contains speeches from numerous people, including Ben Reifel, which were given at the EROS luncheon Industrial Development. [1/4" Open-reel tape; Audio cassette]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0003||Farmers Interviewed at the South Dakota State Fair: WNAX Farm Advisor Lyle Hanson interviews farmers at random at the SD State Fair for their opinions on the feed grain program and the wheat program for Congressman Ben Reifel. [1/4" Open-reel tape]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0068||Footage shows a man shooting at a target with a rifle. Also included is footage of a young boy. There is no sound. [MV4]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0060||Footage shows a sugar beet field with close-ups of sugar beets. An irrigation system is visible in the field. There is no sound. [MV4]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0009||Job of the Field Support Committee: Man explaining the jobs and responsibilities of the Field Support Committee. [1/4" Open-reel tape]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0064||KELOLAND-TV achor introduction to documentary 'The Campaigners' that was filmed in South Dakota and featured Congressman Ben Reifel from South Dakota and Sir Harry Legge-Bourke, Member of Parliament from the Isle of Ely. The documentary showed the different techniques between elections in the United States and elections in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. [MV4]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0001||Minnehaha County Republican Party Lincoln Day Dinner: Contains numerous speeches from different people that were given during the Lincoln Day Dinner, which Ben Reifel was honored at for his years of service. Topics covered included economic slavery, leadership, future growth of the republican party, and freedom. [1/4" Open-reel tape; Audio cassette]||1977 March 25|
|Photos and Audiovisual||33||0001-0860||Photographs||1930-1988|
|Photos and Audiovisual||34||0861-1059||Photographs||1930-1988|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0027||Reifel Little Boy Jingle [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0006||Republican Campaign Advertisements for Bill Broomfield [1/4" Open-reel tape]||1950 May|
|Photos and Audiovisual||31||MA09_AV_0007||South Dakota Association for Retarded Children Fund Drive [2-1/4" Open-reel tapes]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0024||Track tales Cong. Reifel Pre-Election Spot [4-16mm films]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0028||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0030||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0031||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0032||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0035||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0036||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0037||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0038||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0039||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0040||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0041||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0042||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0043||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0044||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0045||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0045||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0046||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0047||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0048||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0049||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0050||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0051||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0052||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0053||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0054||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0055||Untitled [16mm film]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0029||Untitled [2-16mm films]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0033||Untitled [2-16mm films]||undated|
|Photos and Audiovisual||32||MA09_AV_0034||Untitled [2-16mm films]||undated|
|Scrapbooks||26||Item 3||Newspaper clippings||1960-1962|
|Scrapbooks||26||Item 2||Newspaper clippings||1960|
|Scrapbooks||27||Item 1||Newspaper clippings||1966-1967|
|Scrapbooks||27||Item 2||Newspaper clippings||1968-1970|
|Scrapbooks||28||Item 1||Newspaper clippings||1963-1965|
|Scrapbooks||26||Item 1||Reifel Shots||1964-1965|
|Speeches||20||Item 1||Ben Reifel Campaign Advertisements Scrapbook||1964|
|Speeches||20||Item 3||Ben Reifel Campaign Scrapbook||1969-1970|
|Speeches||20||Item 2||Ben Reifel Correspondence Scrapbook||1965|
|Speeches||19||17||Clyde Gilman Doyle Memorial Addresses Delivered in Congress||1963|
|Speeches||19||2||Joseph Ward Statute Unveiling Speech by Ben Reifel||1963|
|Speeches||19||3||Lincoln Day Speech by Ben Reifel||1964|
|Speeches||19||10||Speeches: August 11, 1971||1971|
|Speeches||19||7||Speeches: February 10, 1968 to November 11, 1968||1968|
|Speeches||19||5||Speeches: February 12, 1966 to November 10, 1966||1966|
|Speeches||19||11||Speeches: July 4, 1979||1979|
|Speeches||19||6||Speeches: June 16, 1967 to September 16, 1967||1967|
|Speeches||19||9||Speeches: June 2, 1970||1970|
|Speeches||19||4||Speeches: May 14 , 1965 to November 11, 1965||1965|
|Speeches||19||14||Speeches: May 1982||1982|
|Speeches||19||13||Speeches: May 25, 1981 to July 3, 1981||1981|
|Speeches||19||15||Speeches: May 7, 1983||1983|
|Speeches||19||8||Speeches: October 13, 1969||1969|
|Speeches||19||1||Speeches: Problems in Indian Education, March 19, 1955||1955|