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Kharel Research Group photo 2024 spring

Magnetic Materials Research

Research Overview

Our research focuses on the investigation of novel magnetic materials in the form of bulk ingots, single-crystalline films and nanostructured particles for permanent magnets, magnetic refrigeration, spintronic devices and biomedical applications. The desired properties of the synthesized materials for a specific application are displayed in the poster below. The primary goal of our research is to provide physics undergraduates with important research skills in materials synthesis and characterization, preparing them for quality graduate programs or industry jobs.

magnetism poster

Most Recent Fundings

  1. A High-Throughput Computational and Experimental Approach to the Design of Unconventional Magnets
    1. Proposal number: 0000275895, Co-Principal Investigator/Institutional PI: Parashu Kharel, South Dakota State University, DOE EPSCoR, Start date: 08/15/2023.
  2. Advanced Soft-Magnetic Materials for Electrified Propulsion Systems
    1. Proposal number: 21-EPSCoR2021-0018, Co-Principal Investigator/Institutional PI: Parashu Kharel, South Dakota State University, NASA EPSCoR, Start date: 08/01/2021.
  3. MRI-Acquisition: Sputtering System for Developing Novel Germanium Detectors and Materials
    1. Award Number (FAIN): 2117774; Co-Principal Investigator: Parashu Kharel, South Dakota State University; NSF Organization: PHY, Start Date: 07/28/2021.
  4. RUI: Collaborative Research: Spin-gapless semiconductivity and half-metallicity in Heusler alloys
    1. Award Number: 2003856; Principal Investigator: Parashu Kharel; Co-Principal Investigator:; Organization: South Dakota State University; NSF Organization: DMR Start Date: 08/15/2020.
    2. SDSU news release
  5. South Dakota NASA EPSCoR 2020 Research Initiation Grant: Designing Rare-earth Free Nano-Composite Magnet. Parashu Kharel; Co-Principal Investigator/Institutional PI, South Dakota State University; Start Date: 10/01/2020.


  • College of Natural Sciences 2024 Outstanding Researcher: Parashu Kharel.

Most Recent Publications

  1. Xiaojun Xian, Wei Ding, Jinging Yu, Francis Tsow, Laxmi Jaishi, Buddhi Lamsal, Rick Kittelson, Sarwar Ahmed, Parashu Kharel and Yue Zhou, Highly Sensitive and Reversible MXene-Based Micro Quartz Tuning Fork Gas Sensors with Tunable Selectivity” npj 2D materials and Applications (accepted).
  2. Pavel V. Lukashev, Jax Wysong, Stephen McFadden, Gavin Baker, Brandon Schmidt, Paul M. Shand, and Parashu Kharel, Electronic, magnetic, and structural properties of NiFeMnAl: Experiment and theory, J. Phys.:Condens. Matter 36,085801(2024).
  3. Pavel V. Lukashev,Adam Ramker, Brandon Schmidt,Paul M. Shand, Parashu Kharel, Vagharsh Mkhitaryan, Zhenhua Ning, Liqin Ke, Electronic, magnetic, and structural properties of CoVMnSb: ab initio study, J. Appl. Phys. 134,133904(2023).
  4. Pavel V. Lukashev, Stephen McFadden, Paul M. Shand, and Parashu Kharel, Pressure modulated spin-gapless semiconductivity in FeCrTiAl, J. Magn. Magn. Mater 584,171107(2023).
  5. Turkiya M. Al-Shahumi, Imaddin A. Al-Omari, Salim H. Al-Harthi, Myo Tay Zar Myint, Parashu Kharel, Suvechhya lamichhaane, and Sy-Hwang Liou, Synthesis, structure, morphology, magnetism, and magnetocaloric-effect studies of La0.7Sr0.3Mn1-xFexO3 perovskite nanoparticles, J. Alloys Compd. 958, 170454(2023).
  6. Parashu Kharel, Zachary Lehmann, Gavin Baker, Lukas Stuelke, Shah Valloppilly, Paul M. Shand, and Pavel V. Lukashev, Structural, Electronic, and Magnetic Properties of CoFeVGe-based Compounds: Experiment and Theory, AIP Advances 13, 015217 (2023).
  7. Gavin Baker, Jax Wysong, Shah Valloppilly, Paul M. Shand, Pavel V. Lukashev, and Parashu Kharel, Synthesis, Crystal Structure, and Magnetic Properties of CoMoFeAl and Related Compounds, AIP Advances,13,0255213(2023).
  8. Wei He, Yao Ren, Buddhi Sagar Lamsal, Jyotshna Pokharel, Kena Zhang, Parashu Kharel, James Wu, Xiaojun Xian, Ye Cao, Yue Zhou, “Decreasing Water Activity by Tetrahydrofuran Electrolyte Additive for Highly Reversible Aqueous Zinc Metal Batteries” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 15, 6647 (2023).
  9. Pavel Lukashev, Lukas Stuelke, Zach Pottebaum, Young Moua, Gavin Baker, Jax Wysong, Matthew Flesche, Shah Valloppilly, Paul M. Shand, and Parashu Kharel, Experimental and theoretical investigation of FeCrVAl and related compounds, Phys. Scr. 98, 015801(2023).
  10. P. M. Shand, Y. Moua, G. Baker, S. Valloppilly, P.V. Lukashev and P. Kharel, “Localization effects and Anomalous Hall conductivity in a disordered 3D ferromagnet” J. Magn. Magn. Mater 563,170035(2022).
  11. Parashu Kharel, Bhubnesh Lama, Matthew Flesche, Zachary Mehlberg, Buddhi Lamsal, Shah Valloppilly, Yue Zhou, David J Sellmyer, and Tula R Paudel, “Modifying Magnetic Properties of MnBi with Carbon: An Experimental and Theoretical Study” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 55, 265003(2022).
  12. Lukas Stuelke, Lilit Margaryan, Parashu Kharel, Paul M. Shand, and Pavel V. Lukashev, Electronic, magnetic and structural properties of CrMnSb0.5Si0.5” J. Magn. Magn. Mater 553,169267(2022).
  13. Parashu Kharel, Gavin Baker, Matthew Flesche, Adam Ramker, Paul M. Shand, and Pavel V. Lukashev, “Electronic and magnetic properties of CoFeV0.5Mn0.5Si: experiment and theory” AIP Advances 12,035011 (2022).
  14. Pavel V. Lukashev, Zachary Lehmann, Jace Waybright, Lukas Stuelke, Bishnu Dahal, Shah Valloppilly, Arjun Pathak, Yung Huh, Paul M. Shand, and Parashu Kharel Effect of atomic disorder on electronic, magnetic and electron-transport properties of Ti2MnAl” J. Alloys Compd. 895, 162625 (2022).

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Zachary Lehmann making half-metallic alloy

NSF grant puts spin in semiconductor materials

Associate physics professor Parashu Kharel received a three-year, nearly $160,000 National Science Foundation grant to develop and test new semiconductor materials.