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EAM Publications

2018 Publications

Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Association between Glycemic Status and Body Composition in Men: A Population-Based Study 

  • Almusaylim K., Minett M., Binkley T.L., Beare T.M., Specker B. Nutrients 2018, 10, 1878; DOI:10.3390/nu10121878
Smoking and Alcohol Use Among South Dakota American Indian and White Mothers
  • Specker B., Wey H.E., Minett M., Beare T. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 55:89-97, 2018; DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2018.03.016
Protein supplementation during a 6-month strength and conditioning program: Effect on body composition and muscular strength
  • Ormsbee M.K., Willingham B.D., Marchant T., Binkley T., Specker B., Vukovich M. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism; DOI:10.1123/ijsnem.2018.0036
Differences in physical activity diet patterns between non-rural and rural adults
  • McCormack L., Wey H., Meendering J., Specker B. Nutrients 10:1601, 2018; DOI:10.3390/nu10111601
Longitudinal growth and pQCT measures in Hutterite children and grandchildren are associated with prevalence of hip or knee replacement due to osteoarthritis in parents and grandparents
  • Weidauer L., Beare T., Binkley T., Minett M., Specker B. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, 2018; DOI 10.1007/s11999.0000000000000197
Sports Participation in High School and College Leads to High Bone Density and Greater Rates of Bone Loss in Young Men
  • Minett M., Weidauer L.A., Wey H.E., Binkley T.L., Beare T.M., Specker B.L. Calcified Tissue International, 2018; DOI: 10.1007/s00223-017-0383-z
2017 Publications

Changes in body composition and bone of female collegiate soccer players through the competitive season and off-season

  • Minett M., Binkley T.B., Weidauer L.A., Specker B.L. Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions 17(1): 386-398, 2017
State-level Immunization Information Systems: Potential for childhood immunization data linkages
  • Fuller J.E., Walter E.B., Dole N., O'Hara R., Herring A., Durkin M., Specker B., Wey B. Maternal and Child Health Journal 2017; DOI: 10.1007/s10995-016-2090-1
Response to an online version of a PRAMS-like survey in South Dakota.
  • Binkley T., Beare T., Minett M., Koepp K., Wey H., Specker B. Maternal and Child Health Journal 2017; DOI: 10.1007/s10995-016-2118-62016 P
2016 Publications

High prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in northern, farming and non-farming populations in the United States: Associations with parathyroid hormone, body fat and bone density

  • Weidauer L., McCormack L., Gorres-Martens B., Specker B. Topics in Clinical Nutrition 31(3):204-212, 2016
State-level Immunization Information Systems: Potential for childhood immunization data linkages
  • Fuller J.E., Walter E.B., Dole N., O'Hara R., Herring A., Durkin M., Specker B., Wey B. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 2016; DOI: 10.1007/s10995-016-2090-1
The negative effect of sitting time on bone is mediated by lean mass in pubertal children
  • Binkley T., Specker B. Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions 16:18-23, 2016
Associations between sedentary time, physical activity and DXA measures of total body android and gynoid fat mass
  • McCormack L., Meendering J., Specker B., Binkley T. Journal of Clinical Densitometry 19:368-374, 2016; DOI: 10.1016/j.jocd.2016.03.008
DXA Evaluation of Infants and Toddlers
  • Specker B., Binkley T. IN: Bone Health Assessment in Pediatrics: Guidelines for Clinical Practice, 2nd edition. Fung E.B., Sawyer A.J., Bachrach L.K., eds. Springer, New York, 151-178, 2016
Gut microbial modulation by resistant starch type 4 is associated with immunometabolic improvements in adults with metabolic syndrome
  • Upadhyaya B., McCormack L., Fardin-Kia A.R., Juenemann R., Nichenametla S., Clapper J., Specker B., Dey M. Scientific Reports 6:28797, 2016; DOI: 10.1038/srep28797
2015 Publications

Peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) bone measurements in children with cystic fibrosis

  • Bai W., Binkley T.L., Wallace J.W., Carver T.W., Specker B.L. Pediatric Pulmonology 51:28-33, 2015
Changes in body composition in Division 1 football players over a competitive season and recovery in off-season
  • Binkley, T., Weidauer, L., Daughters, S., Vukovich, M. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 29(9):2503-2512, 2015
Global consensus recommendations on prevention and management of nutritional rickets
  • Munns, Shaw, Kiely, Specker, Thacher, Ozono, Michigami, Tiosano, Mughal, Makitie, Ramos-Abad, Ward, DiMeglio, Atapattu, Cassinelli, Braegger, Pettifor,Seth, Idris, Bhatia, Fu, Goldberg, Savendahl, Khadgawat, Pludowski, Maddock, Hypponen, Oduwole, Frew, Aguiar, Tulchinsky, Butler, Hogler. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 101:394-415, 2016; Published simultaneously in Hormone Research Paediatrics 85:83-106, 2016
Peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) bone measurements in children with cystic fibrosis
  • Bai W., Binkley T.L., Wallace J.W., Carver T.W., Specker B.L. Pediatric Pulmonology 51:28-33, 2015; DOI: 10.1002/ppul.23323
Does exercise influence pediatric bone? A systematic review.
  • Specker B.L., Thiex N.W., Sudhagoni R.G. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 473:3658-3672, 2015; DOI: 10.1007/s11999-015-4467-7
Rural vs. non-rural differences and longitudinal bone changes by DXA and pQCT in men aged 20-66 years: A population-based study
  • Specker B.L., Wey H.E., Binkley T.L., Beare T.M., Minett M., Weidauer L. Bone 79:79-87, 2015; DOI: 10.106/j.bone.2015.04.045
Feasibility and informative value of environmental sample collection in the National Children's Vanguard Study
  • Boyle E.B., Deziel N.C., Specker B.L., Collingwood S., Weisel C.P., Dellarco M.J. Environmental Research 140:345-353, 2015; DOI: 10.1016/j.envres.2015.01.006
Do sex differences exist in rates of falls and fractures in Hutterite, rural, and non-rural populations, aged 20-66 years?
  • Weidauer L., Binkley T.L., Beare T.M., Minett M., McCormack L., Wey A., Specker B. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 473:2514-2520, 2015; DOI: 10.1007/s11999-015-4248-3
Nutrition in Pregnancy and Lactation
  • Specker B. IN: Nutrition and Bone Health, 2nd edition, M.F. Holick and J. Nieves, eds. Springer, New York, 161-182, 2015
2014 Publications

Greater polar moment of inertia at the tibia in athletes who develop stress fractures

  • Weidauer L., Binkley T, Vukovich M., Specker B. Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine 2(7):2014; DOI: 10.1177/2325967114541411
Feasibility, compliance and efficacy of a randomized controlled trial using vibration in pre-pubertal children.
  • Binkley T.L., Parupsky E., Kleinsasser B., Weidauer L., Specker B. Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions, 14:294-302, 2014
Estimation of length or height in infants and young children using ulnar and lower leg length with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry validation
  • Weidauer L., Wey H., Slater H., Moyer-Mileur L., Specker B. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology 56:995-1000, 2014; DOI: 10.1111/dcmn.12491
Validation of drinking water disinfection by-product exposure assessment for rural areas in the National Children's Study
  • Binkley T.L., Thiex N.W., Specker B. Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 23:303-307, 2014; DOI: 10.1038/jes.2014.51
Odd-impact loading results in increased cortical area and moments of inertia in collegiate athletes
  • Weidauer L., Minett M., Negus C., Binkley T., Vukovich M., Wey H., Specker B. European Journal of Applied Physiology 114:1429-1438, 2014; DOI 10.1007/s00421-014-2870-5
A longitudinal pilot study of depressive symptomology in concussed and injured, non-concussed Division 1 student athletes
  • Roiger T., Weidauer L., Kern B. Journal of Athletic Training 50(3): 256-261, 2014
Bone densitometry in infants and young children: The 2013 ISCD Pediatric Official Positions
  • Kalkwarf H., Abrams S.A., DiMeglio L.A., Koo W.W., Specker B.L., Weiler H. Journal of Clinical Densitometry 17:243-257, 2014
2009 H1N1 and seasonal influenza immunization among pregnant women: A comparison of different sources of immunization information
  • Specker B., Wey B., Fuller J., Sandoval M.N., Durkin M., Dole N., Walter Jr. E.B. Maternal Child Health Journal 18(3):681-687, 2014; DOI 10.1007/s10995-013-1293-y
Resistant starch type 4-enriched diet lowered blood cholesterols and improved body composition in a double-blind controlled crossover intervention
  • Nichenametla S.N., Weidauer L.A., Wey H.E., Beare T.M., Specker B.L., Dey M. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research 58:1365-1369, 2014; DOI 10.1002/mnfr.201300829
2013 Publications

Feasibility and acceptability of alternate methods of postnatal data collection

  • McCormack L.A., Friedrich C., Fahrenwald N., Specker B. Maternal Child Health Journal 18:52-857, 2013; DOI 10.1007/s10995-013-1310-1
Can physical activity improve peak bone mass?
  • Specker B., Minett M. Current Osteoporosis Reports 11:229-236, 2013; DOI 10.1007/s11914-013-0152-5
Community outreach and engagement to prepare for household recruitment of National Children's Study participants in a rural setting
  • Fahrenwald N., Wey B., Martin A., Specker B. Journal of Rural Health 29(1):61-68, 2013
New models for large prospective studies: Is there a risk of throwing out the baby with the bathwater?
  • Bracken M.B., Baker D., Cauley J.A., Chambers C., Culhane J., Dabelea D., Dearborn D., Drews-Botsch C.D., Dudley D.J., Durkin M., Entwisle B., Flick L., Hale D., Holl J., Hovell M., Hudak M., Paneth N., Specker B., Wilhelm M., Wyatt S. American Journal of Epidemiology 175:859-866, 2013
Variation in cortical density within the cortical shell of individuals across a range in densities and age.
  • Weidauer L.A., Binkley T.L., Specker BL. Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions 13:89-96, 2013
2012 Publications

Effect of different collegiate sports on cortical bone in the tibia

  • Weidauer L.A., Eilers M.M., Binkley T.L., Vukovich M.D., Specker B.L. Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions 12(2):68-73, 2012
Effect of level of farm mechanization early in life on bone later in life
  • McCormack L.A., Binkley T.L., Specker B.L. Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions 12(1):7-15, 2012
Follicle-stimulating hormone is independently associated with lean mass but not BMD in younger postmenopausal women
  • Gourlay M.L., Specker B.L., Li C., Hammett-Stabler C.A., Renner J.B., Rubin J.E. Bone 50:311–316, 2012
Longitudinal effects of fat and lean mass on bone accrual in infants
  • Sudhagoni R., Wey H., Djira G., Specker B. Bone 50:638-642, 2012
Does vitamin D during pregnancy impact offspring growth and bone?
  • Specker B. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 71(01):38-45, 2012
2011 Publications

Cross-sectional versus longitudinal associations of lean and fat mass with pQCT bone outcomes in children

  • Wey H., Binkley T., Beare T., Wey C., Specker B. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 96(1):106-114, 2011
Calcium Influences the Bone Response to Exercise in Children
  • Specker B., Sudhagoni R., Thiex N. IN: Diet, Nutrition and Bone. .J. Anderson, ed. Taylor & Francis, Chicago, 301-324, 2011.
Vitamin D Metabolism in Pregnancy and Lactation
  • Thiex N., Kalkwarf H., Specker B. IN: Vitamin D, 3rd ed. Feldman, Pike and Glorieux, Eds. Elsevier, Inc., 679-694, 2011
2010 Publications

Higher BMC and areal BMD in children and grandchildren of individuals with hip or knee replacement

  • Specker B., Wey H., Binkley T., Beare T., Smith E., Rauch F. Bone 46:1000-1005, 2010
Rates of bone loss in young adult males
  • Specker B., Wey H., Smith E. International Journal of Clinical Rheumatology. 5(2):215-228, 2010.
Rural health and rural landscapes: An ecological approach to the study of obesity
  • Wimberly M., Michimi A., Specker B. Rural Connections 5(1):15-20, 2010
Recent experimental and clinical findings in the skeleton associated with loss of estrogen hormone or estrogen receptor activity
  • Smith E.P., Specker B., Korach K.S. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 118:264-272, 2010
2009 Publications

Determinants of bone mass and size in 7-year old former term, late-preterm and preterm boys

  • Samra H.A., Stevens D., Binkley T., Specker B. Osteoporosis International 20:1903-1910, 2009
South Dakota's role in the National Children's Study
  • Martin A., Beare T., Thiex N.W., Holm R., Specke, B. South Dakota Medicine, June 2009
High bone density in young Hutterite children
  • Wey C.L., Beare T., Biskeborn K., Binkley T., Arneson L., Specker B. Bone 44:454-460, 2009
Comparing household listing techniques in a rural Midwestern Vanguard Center of the National Children's Study
  • Dreiling K., Trushenski S., Kayongo-Male D., Specker B. Public Health Nursing 26(2):192-201, 2009
2008 Publications

Pedometer readings and self-reported walking distances in a rural Hutterite population.

  • Abou Samra H., Beare T., Specker B. Journal of Rural Health 24:99-100, 2008
The effect of menarcheal age on anthropometric, limb length and bone measures in Hutterite and non-Hutterite women
  • Grimsrud C., Binkley T., Specker B. American Journal of Human Biology 20:693-699, 2008
Muscle area, muscle mass and muscle power in a pre-pubertal and an elderly population
  • Binkley T., Specker B. Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions 8(1):33-34, 2008
Peripheral quantitative computed tomography in children and adolescents: The 2007 ISCD Pediatric Official Positions
  • Zemel B., Bass S., Binkley T., Ducher G., Macdonald H., McKay H., Moyer-Mileur L., Shepherd J., Specker B., Ward K., Hans D. Journal of Clinical Densitometry 11:59-74, 2008
Impact on bone of an estrogen receptor-alpha gene loss of function mutation
  • Smith E.P., Specker B., Bachrach B.E., Kimbro K.S., Li X.J., Young M.F., Fedarko N.S., Abuzzahab M.J., Frank G.R., Cohen R.M., Lubahn D.B., Korach K.S. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 93(8):3088-3096, 2008
Muscle-bone relationships in the lower leg of healthy pre-pubertal females and males
  • Binkley T.L., Specker B.L. Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions 8(3):239-243, 2008
Methods for measurement of pediatric bone
  • Binkley T.L., Berry R., Specker B.L. Reviews in Endocrine and Metabolic Disorders, 2008
Precision of the XCT3000 and comparison of densitometric measurements in distal radius scans between XCT3000 and XCT2000 peripheral quantitative computed tomography
  • Koenig C., Wey H., Binkley T. Journal of Clinical Densitometry 11:575-580, 2008
2007 Publications

Validation of a food frequency questionnaire for assessment of calcium and bone-related nutrient intake in rural populations

  • Osowski J.M., Beare T., Specker B. Journal of the American Dietetics Association 107:1349-1355, 2007
Calcium intake and hip fracture risk in men and women: a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials
  • Bischoff-Ferrari H.A., Dawson-Hughes B., Baron J.A., Burckhardt P., Li., Spiegelman D., Specker B., Orav J.E., Wong J.B., Staehelin H.B., O'Reilly E., Kiel D.P., Willett W.C. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 86:1780-1790, 2007
Walking age does not explain term versus preterm difference in bone geometry
  • Abou Samra H., Specker B. Journal of Pediatrics 151:61-66, 2007
Effects of genes, sex, age, and activity on BMC, bone size and areal and volumetric BMD
  • Havill L.M., Mahaney M.C., Binkley T.L., Specker B.L. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 22(5):737-746, 2007
Volumetric bone mineral density and bone size in sleep-deprived individuals
  • Specker B.L., Binkley T., Vukovich M., Beare T. Osteoporosis International, 18:93-99, 2007
Evidence for an interaction between exercise and nutrition for improved bone health during growth
  • Specker B., Vukovich M. IN: Physical Activity, Nutrition and Bone Health During Growth. Daley, Petit (eds) Krager:Basel, 2007 51: pp 50-63
2006 Publications

Fat mass gain is lower in calcium-supplemented than in unsupplemented preschool children with low dietary calcium intakes

  • DeJongh E.D., Binkley T.L., Specker B.L. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 84:1123-1127, 2006
Influence of rapid growth on skeletal adaptation to exercise
  • Specker B.L. Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions 6(2): 147-153, 2006
Influence of parents' eating behaviors and child feeding practices on children's weight status
  • Johannsen D.L., Johannsen N.M., Specker B.L. Obesity 14(3):431-439, 2006
Effect of protein supplementation during a 6-month strength and conditioning program on areal and volumetric bone parameters
  • Ballard T.L., Specker B.L., Binkley T.L., Vukovich M.D. Bone 38:898-904, 2006
Effect of truncal adiposity on plasma lipid and lipoprotein concentrations
  • Neiderauer C.M., Binkley T.L., Specker B.L. Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging 10(2)154-160, 2006
2005 Publications

Bone measurements by peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) in children with cerebral palsy

  • Binkley T., Johnson J., Vogel L., Kecskemethy H., Henderson R., Specker B. Journal of Pediatrics 147:791-796, 2005
Vitamin D metabolism in pregnancy and lactation
  • Kalkwarf H.J., Specker B.L. IN: Vitamin D, 2nd ed. Feldman, Pike and Glorieux, eds. Elsevier, Inc. 2005
High parity is associated with increased bone size and strength
  • Specker B., Binkley T. Osteoporosis International 16:1969-1974, 2005
Influence of physical activity on calcium and bone
  • Vukovich M., Specker B. IN: Calcium in Human Health. Weaver and Heaney, eds. Humana Press, Inc.: Totowa, 227-246, 2005
The state of pediatric bone: Summary of the ASBMR pediatric bone initiative
  • Klein G.L., Fitzpatrick L.A., Langman C.B., Beck T.J., Carpenter T.O., Gilsanz V., Holm I.A., Leonard M.B., Specker B.L. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 20(12):2075-2081, 2005
Absorption of calcium from the carbonated dairy soft drink is greater than that from fat-free milk and calcium-fortified orange juice in women
  • Schroder B.G., Griffin I.J., Specker B.L., Abrams S.A. Nutrition Research 25:737-742, 2005
Quantitative bone analysis in children: Current methods and recommendations
  • Specker B.L., Schoenau E. Journal of Pediatrics 146:726-731, 2005
Bioavailability of vitamin D from fortified process cheese and effects on vitamin D status in the elderly
  • Johnson J.L., Mistry V.V., Vukovich M.D., Hogie-Lorenzen T., Hollis B.W., Specker B.L. Journal of Dairy Sciences 88(7):2295-301, 2005
Effect of protein supplementation during a 6-mo strength and conditioning program on insulin-like growth factor I and markers of bone turnover in young adults
  • Ballard T.L.P., Clapper J.A., Specker B.L., Binkley T.L., Vukovich M.D. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 81: 1442-1448, 2005
2004 Publications

Impact of micronutrient deficiencies on bone growth and mineralization

  • Specker B. IN: Micronutrient Deficiencies during the Weaning Period and the First Years of Life. Zlotkin and Pettifor, eds., Nestle Nutrition Workshop Series, Vol. 54, Karger Publishing: Basel, Switzerland, 153-172. 2004
Rural versus nonrural differences in BMC, volumetric BMD and bone size: a population-based cross-sectional study
  • Specker B., Binkley T., Fahrenwald N. Bone 35:1389-1398, 2004
Increased periosteal circumference remains present 12 months after an exercise intervention in preschool children
  • Binkley T., Specker B. Bone 35:1383-1388, 2004
Nutrition in pregnancy and lactation
  • Specker B.L. IN: Nutrition and Bone Health. Holick and Dawson-Hughes, eds. Humana Press, Inc., Totowa, 2004, 167-184
Vitamin D requirements during pregnancy
  • Specker B. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 80:1740S-1747S, 2004
Nutrition influences bone development from infancy through toddler years
  • Specker B.L. Journal of Nutrition 134:691S-695S, 2004
Relationships between bone mass and circulating leptin concentrations in Hutterites
  • Wosje K.S., Binkley T.L., Kalkwarf H.J., Specker B.L. Bone 34:1017-1022, 2004
2003 Publications

Role of physical activity on bone mineral content in young children

  • Specker B.L. Journal of Musculoskeletal Neuronal Interactions 3(4):338-340, 2003
Bone response to jumping is site-specific in children: a randomized trial
  • Johannsen N., Binkley T., Englert V., Niederauer G., Specker B. Bone 33:533-539, 2003
Randomized trial of physical activity and calcium supplementation on bone mineral content in 3- to 5-year-old children
  • Specker B., Binkley T. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 18(5):885-892, 2003
2002 Publications

Centile Curves for Bone Densitometry Measurements in Healthy Males and Females Ages 5-22 Yr.

  • Binkley T.L., Specker B.L., Wittig T.A. Journal of Clinical Densitometry 5(4):343-353, 2002
Bone mineral changes during pregnancy and lactation
  • Kalkwarf H.J., Specker B.L. Endocrine 17(1):49-53, 2002
Bone and mineral metabolism during childhood
  • McKay C.P., Specker B.L., Chesney R.W. IN: Disorders of Bone and Mineral Metabolism, 2nd edition. Coe and Favus, eds. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins: New York, 2002, 360-380
Mineral metabolism during pregnancy and lactation
  • Chesney R.W., Specker B.L., McKay C.P. IN: Disorders of Bone and Mineral Metabolism, 2nd edition. Coe and Favus, eds. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins: New York, 2002, 347-359
Are Activity and Diet Really Important for Children's Bones?
  • Specker B.L. Nutrition Today 37(2):44-49, 2002
Determinants of bone mineral content in children
  • Specker B.L. IN: Calcium in Childhood. Annales Nestle, Vol. 60, 2002, 94-105
The role of calcium in bone health in childhood
  • Specker B.L. Osteoporosis Japan 10:11-16, 2002
Factors associated with physical activity in preschool children
  • Finn K., Johannsen N., Specker B. Journal of Pediatrics 140(1):81-85, 2002
2001 Publications

Atypical diets in infancy and early childhood

  • Adler M., Specker B. Pediatric Annals 30(11):673-680, 2001
Editorial: The significance of high bone density in children
  • Specker B. Journal of Pediatrics 139(4):473-475, 2001 Neil Johannsen at the Experimental Biology Annual Meeting in San Diego in 2000

Total body bone mineral content and tibial cortical bone measures in preschool children

  • Specker B.L., Johannsen N., Binkley T, Finn K. Journal of Bone Mineral Research 16(12):2298-2305, 2001
Comparison of bone parameters by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and peripheral quantitative computed tomography in Hutterite vs. Non-Hutterite women aged 35-60 years
  • Wosje K.S., Binkley T.L., Specker B.L. Bone 29(2):192-197, 2001
Effect of timing of introduction of complementary foods on iron and zinc status of formula fed infants at 12,24 and 36 months of age
  • Kattelmann K.K., Ho M., Specker B.L. Journal of American Dietetic Association 101(4):443-447, 2001
Assessing the body composition of 6-17 year-old black and white girls in field studies.
  • Morrison J.A., Guo S.S., Specker B., Chumlea W.C., Yanovski S.Z., Yanovski J.A. American Journal of Human Biology 13:249-254, 2001
No differences in growth or body composition from age 12 to 24 months between toddlers consuming 2% milk and toddlers consuming whole milk
  • Wosje K.S., Specker B.L., Giddens J. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 101(1):53-56, 2001
Bone Acquisition In Utero and During Infancy and Childhood (Chapter 24)
  • Specker B.L., Namgung R., Tsang R.C. IN: Osteoporosis, edited by R. Marcus, D. Feldman, J. Kelsey. Academic Press, San Diego, 599-620, 2001
Critical Appraisal of the Evidence Relating Calcium and Dairy Intake to Bone Health Early in Life
  • Specker B., Wosje K.A. IN: Nutritional Aspects of Osteoporosis, edited by Burkhardt, Dawson-Hughes, Heaney. Academic Press, San Diego, 107-123, 2001.
2000 Publications

Role of calcium in bone health during childhood

  • Wosje K., Specker B. Nutrition Reviews 58:253-268, 2000
Comparison of Actiwatch® activity monitor and Children's Activity Rating Scale in children
  • Finn K.J., Specker B. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 32(10):1794-1797, 2000
High bone mass in a female Hutterite population
  • Wosje K.S., Binkley T.L., Fahrenwald N.L., Specker B.L. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 15(8):1429-1436, 2000
The relationship of childhood adiposity to parent body mass index and eating behavior
  • Whitaker R.C., Deeks C.M., Baughcum A.E., Specker B.L. Obesity Research 8(3):234-240, 2000
pQCT measurement of bone parameters in young children: Validation of a technique
  • Binkley T., Specker B. Journal of Clinical Densitometry 3(1):9-14, 2000
Should there be a Dietary Guideline for calcium intake?
  • Specker B.L. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 71:661-664, 2000
Total body bone mineral content in non-corticosteroid-treated postpubertal females with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
  • Henderson C.J., Specker B.L., Sierra R.I., Campaigne B.N., Lovell D.J. Arthritis & Rheumatism 43:531-540, 2000
1999 Publications

Why does my baby need vitamin D? IN: Answers to More than 500 Questions You're Likely to Hear About Infant Nutrition.

  • Specker B. Edited by R.C. Tsang. Wyeth Nutritionals, Philadelphia, 1999
The vegetarian family. IN: Answers to More than 500 Questions You're Likely to Hear About Infant Nutrition
  • Specker B. Edited by R.C. Tsang. Wyeth Nutritionals, Philadelphia, 1999
Factors affecting bone mass in infants and toddlers
  • Specker B.L. IN: Nutrition and Bone Development, edited by J.P. Bonjour and R.C. Tsang. Nestle Nutrition Workshop Series, Vol. 41, Vevey/Lippincott-Raven Publishers, Philadelphia, 1999
Longitudinal study of calcium intake, physical activity and bone mineral content in infants 6 to 18 months of age
  • Specker B.L., Mulligan L., Ho M. Journal of Bone Mineral Research 14:569-576, 1999
Effects of calcium supplementation on calcium homeostasis and bone turnover in lactating women
  • Kalkwarf H.J., Specker, B.L., Ho M. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology Metabolism 84(2): 464-470, 1999