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ZhengRong Gu

Dr. ZhengRong Gu

Title

Associate Professor

Office Building

Agricultural Engineering

Office

221

Mailing Address

Ag Engineering 221
Ag & Biosystems Engineering-Box 2120
University Station
Brookings, SD 57007

Biography

I started my research career as a MS student focusing on nanomaterial, carbon adsorbents and catalysts in 1997, when I was a major pioneer of photocatalysis technology in China. After 2001, my PhD research focused on bio-separation technology, especially recombinant protein purification. In 2004-2006, I developed the first three-dimensional protein (size, surface charge and hydrophobicity) characterization methods and applied this innovative method to a complex Corn extract protein. After completed my PhD study, I joined GE-Lifescience Fast Trak as lead applicant scientist, managed typical training courses about biopharmaceutical processing development, as well as lead customized biopharm downstream processes development service team in Shanghai. In 2008 March, I moved back to academic for more research freedom and innovative, and joined Microbiology department at University of Illinois as a Postdoc. In this short postdoc period, I solved multiple critical challenges in expression and purification of the new botulinum neurotoxin therapeutical delivery vehicle.

Since I joined ABE department at SDSU in Dec 2008, multiple disciplines background and experiences enable my research more flexible in current intensively competitive environment. Since 2010, my interest started to focus on biorenewable advanced carbon materials, electrochemical energy storage devices and functional adsorbents for biofuel separation in biorefinery. Our recent biorenewable carbon materials work has led us to prepare multiple advanced carbon materials from different biomass as well as evaluated these carbon materials’ energy storage function in electrochemical supercapacitor and lithium ion batteries. Our subsequent work showed that a novel nitrogen doped 3D graphene, which demonstrated excellent electrochemical properties as electrode materials of supercapacitor, was synthesized from distiller’s dried grains with solubles (DDGS) with a facile low temperature catalytic graphenization process. In addition, we have developed multiple methods to control surface oxygen and hydrophobicity of carbon adsorbents for improving electrochemical energy storage properties, as well as enhancing adsorption selectivity for biofuel harvesting. Recently, I also started to integrate bioseparation techniques and graphene materials into a new biosensor platform, and explore next generation high selective and high conductive disposable probes of electrochemical biosensor devices.

CV

Biographical Sketch NSF Jan 2016.docx(30.32 KB)

Education

East China Univ. of Sci. & Tech. BS Chemical Engineering
East China Univ. of Sci. & Tech. MS Chemical Engineering
Iowa State University (Ames IA) PhD Chemical Engineering
University of Illinois-Urbana Post-doc Microbiology
 

Academic Interests/Expertise

Research interests:
1. Renewable graphene & advanced carbon materials

2. Bioseparation technology (biomedical engineering, biopharma and biorefinery)

3. Tailored materials for biomedical engineering

4. Catalysts of biorefinery

5. Water purification and recovery

6. Bio-dust fire monitoring and prevention

7. Transmission electron microscope techniques for materials characterization and biomedical diagnosis

8. Bioinspired silicon-carbon and silica materials


Academic Responsibilities

Teaching: MICR 550 “Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology”; ABE 748 "Bioseparations"

Research:
1. Renewable graphene & advanced carbon materials

2. Bioseparation technology (biomedical engineering, biopharma and biorefinery)

3. Tailored materials for biomedical engineering

4. Catalysts of biorefinery

5. Water purification and recovery

6. Bio-dust fire monitoring and prevention

7. Transmission electron microscope techniques for materials characterization and biomedical diagnosis

8. Bioinspired silicon-carbon and silica materials



Committee Activities

1, A the leader of the NSF-MRI funded TEM facility “Acquisition of a Transmission Electron Microscope”
2, Graduate council member of SDSU
3, Review Panels for funding agencies: Canada “Alberta Innovates Bio Solutions” (2016 Spring), USDA SBIR (2015 Fall) and NSF (CBET Biomass and Chemical Separation 2016 Spring).
4, ABE Curriculum committee
5, Review activity for more than 20 journals including top journals (including Advanced Materials, Energy & Environmental Science, Nanoscale, RSC Advances, Bioresource Technology, J. Membrane Sci., J. Materials Chemistry A, J. Bioscience and Bioengineering, Separation and Purification Technology, J. Chromatography A, Current Analytical Chemistry, Green Chemistry ).
6. Editorial board of: The Scientific Pages of Agricultural Technologies; Chromatography And Separation Techniques Journal; International Journal of Environment and Bioenergy, The Scientific Pages of Surface Chemistry

Specialty Area

  • carbon materials, biorenewable, biorefinery, bioseparation, biofuel, catalyst, biopharm,

Grants

PI Projects: (8)
1 USDA, Impact of Biochar on Lifecycles of Agricultural Chemicals and Interactions between Plants and Soil Microorganisms (Undergraduate Fellowship) 02/16-01/19, $275,603
2 USDA-Sungrant (North Central), Plasma Modified Biochar Electrode for Nitrate Recycle with Capacitive Deionization Technology 10/16-10/18 $100,000
3 USDA-NIFA, Development of high value carbon based adsorbents from thermochemically Produced bio-char 01/01/11-12/31/15 $599,036
4 NSF-MRI MRI: Acquisition of a Transmission Electron Microscope 09/2014-08/2017 $ 1,107,365
5 SD Oilseeds Initiative Program Separate Glucosinolates from non-food oil-seeds as value added co-products and improve nutrition value of oil-seeds as animal feed 07/2014-06/2017 $95,000
6 SDSU TTO Office, SunGrant DOE Gas stripping and Adsorption/Desorption Separation Processes for Biofuel Recovery from Photobioreactors. 03/2013-02/2014 $57,923
7 SD DOL Biorefinery Process Training Programs 08/2010 07/2012 $75,000
8 SDSU Start-up (for purchasing a Bio-Rad Duoflow chromatography) 01/2009-04/2009 $23,000

Co-PI projects (14)
1 NASA-EpsCor Advanced bioelectrochemical module (BEM) for waste-to-electricity generation during Long-term space exploration 07/16-06/19 $750,000 ($117,000 to my group)
2 Sungrant (North Central) Develop lignocellulosic nanocomposites from prairie cordgrass and corn stalks for smart packaging applications 10/16-10/18 $100,000
3 NSF-EpsCor Collaborative Research: Dakota Bioprocessing Consortium (DakotaBioCon). 09/2013-08/2016 $ 6M (total) $1,660,651 to SDSU $344,627 (to my group)
4 SunGrant DOE Plasma activation of bio-carbon for supercapacitor 08/2015-07/2016 $51,000
5 Sun-Grant DOT Evaluation of biomass and bioenergy production, environmental performance and life cycle analysis of Prairie Cordgrass 09/2014-08/2015 $300,000
6 NASA-EpsCor Cyanofactory platform to photosynthetically produce advanced fuels and chemicals, while providing bioregenerative life support services. 07/2011-6/15 $750,000
7 SD-Oil Seeds Council SD government SD oilseeds initiative Oil Extraction from Oilseeds for Renewable Aviation Fuel Production 08/2012-08/14 $389,999
8 US-National Sun-flower Associa. Combine Fire Management System Field Test 07/2013-06/2014 $38,312
9 SunGrant DOE Electrophoretic Deposition of Biochar Nanoparticle based Films for Energy Storage 03/2013-02/2014 $51,509
10 DOC University Economic Development Center 07/10-06/13 $314,599
11 SD Oil seeds Council Combine Fire Management 07/2012-6/13 $37,000
12 SD Oil seeds Council Combine Fire Management 07/2011-6/12 $48,392
13 SDSU TTO Office, SunGrant DOE Biosolar synthesis of ethanol from CO2 and H2O. 10/2010-09/2012 $34,000
14 USDA ARS (SD) Developing recovery process for harvesting proteins from DDGS 09/2010-09/2011 $20,000
 
Industrial contracts:
1 Raven Inc. Evaluation the impact of UV and fumigants on land film 10/2014-12/2015, $13000

Patents

1. Patent: K. Dalsted, D. Humburg, Z. Gu, J. Polin, “system to prevent ignition of organic dusts near hot engine components ” has been issued by USPTO in Oct 2015 (13/936537, US 61670277)
2. Non-Provisional patent: Z. Gu “Materials and Methods for Production of Activated Carbons” has been filed to USPTO on July 11 2013 (13/939,722, US20140162873A1)
 

Professional Memberships

AICHE, ASABE, ACS

Work Experience

GE life-science Fast Trak Lead Scientist 09/2006-02/2008 Biopharm downstream training and processes development

South Dakota State University
Agri. & Biosystems Eng. Assistant professor 12/2008-06/2015 Research and teaching in bio-renewable engineering (materials, separation of biofuel and biorenewables)
 
Agri. & Biosystems Eng. Associate professor 07/2015-present Research and teaching in bio-renewable engineering (materials, separation of biofuel and biorenewables)

Creative Activities

Publication list (after 2010):
1. K Wang, M Xu, Y Gu, Z Gu, J Liu, QH Fan, 2016, Low-Temperature Plasma Exfoliated N-Doped Graphene for Symmetrical Electrode Supercapacitors. Nano Energy Volume 31, 486-494
2. K Wang, M Xu, Y Gu, Z Gu, QH Fan, 2016 Symmetric supercapacitors using urea-modified lignin derived N-doped porous carbon as electrode materials in liquid and solid electrolytes, Journal of Power Sources 332, 180-186
3. Cao Y, Wang X, Gu ZR, Fan Q, Kharel P, 2016 Hierarchical porous activated carbon for supercapacitor derived from corn stalk core by potassium hydroxide activation, Electrochimica Acta, 2016, 212, 839-847
4. Cao Y, Gu Y, Wang X, Wang K, Gu ZR, Gibbons W, Rice J, Castro MA, Lee J, 2016 Adsorption of creatinine on active carbons with nitric acid hydrothermal modification, Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 2016, 66, 347–356
5. Cao Y, Wang X, Wang K, Gu ZR, Ambrico T, Gibbons W, Fan Q, Talukder A, 2016 Preparation of active carbons from corn stalk for butanol vapor adsorption, Journal of Energy Chemistry. 2016 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jechem.2016.08.009)
6. K Wang, M Xu, Z Gu, P Ahrenkiel, J Lee, W Gibbons, J Croat, Q Fan, 2016 Pyrrole modified biomass derived hierarchical porous carbon as high performance symmetrical supercapacitor electrodes, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2016, 41, 13109–13115
7. H Jin, X Wang, Z Gu, Q Fan, B Luo, A facile method for preparing nitrogen-doped graphene and its application in supercapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, 2015, 273, 1156-1162
8. K Wang, Y Cao, X Wang, MA Castro, B Luo, Z Gu, J Liu, J Hoefelmeyer, Q Fan, Rod-shape porous carbon derived from aniline modified lignin for symmetric supercapacitors, Journal of Power Sources, 2016, 307, 462-467
9. R Gupta, M Dubey, P Kharel, Z Gu, Q Fan, Biochar activated by oxygen plasma for supercapacitors,Journal of Power Sources, 2015, 274, 1300-1305
10. H Jin, X Wang, Y Shen, Z Gu, A high-performance carbon derived from corn stover via microwave and slow pyrolysis for supercapacitors,Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 2014, 110,18-23
11. H Jin, X Wang, Z Gu, J Polin, Carbon materials from high ash biochar for supercapacitor and improvement of capacitance with HNO3 surface oxidation, Journal of Power Sources, 2013, 236, 285-292
12. Wang, K.; Cao, Y.; Wang, X.; Kharel, P.; Gibbons, W.; Luo, B.; Gu, Z.; Fan, Q.; Mtzger, L (undergraduate), 2015. Nickel catalytic graphitized porous carbon as electrode material for high performance supercapacitors. Energy 101, 9-15
13. Wang K, Wang XM, Cao YH, Gu ZR, Q Fan; W Gibbons; T Johnson; B Luo; 2015 Pyrolytic cyanobacteria derived activated carbon as high performance electrode in symmetric supercapacitor, Energy 94, 666-671
14. Cao Y, Han V (undergraduate), Wang X, Gu ZR, Gibbons W, 2015, Adsorption of butanol vapor on active carbons with nitric acid hydrothermal modification, accepted by Bioresource Technology, 196, 525-532.
15. TJ Johnson, A Jahandideh, MD Johnson, KAH Fields, JW Richardson, ZGu, 2016, Producing next-generation biofuels from filamentous cyanobacteria: An economic feasibility analysis, Algal Research 20, 218-228
16. X Zhao, L Wei, S Cheng, E Kadis, Y Cao, E Boakye, Z Gu, J Julson, 2016, Hydroprocessing of carinata oil for hydrocarbon biofuel over Mo-Zn/Al2O3, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 196, 41-49
17. S Cheng, L Wei, X Zhao, E Kadis, Y Cao, J Julson, Z Gu, 2016, Hydrodeoxygenation of prairie cordgrass bio-oil over Ni based activated carbon synergistic catalysts combined with different metals, New biotechnology 33 (4), 440-448
18. T. Johnson, A. Jahandideh, M. Johnson, K. Fields, J. Richardson, K. Muthukumarappan, Y. Cao, Z. Gu, W. Gibbons, Producing Next-Generation Biofuels from Filamentous Cyanobacteria: An Economic Feasibility Analysis, 2016 Algal Research ((2016). 218-228)
19. Cao Y, Han V (undergraduate), Wang X, Gu ZR, Gibbons W, 2015, Butanol vapor adsorption behavior on active carbons and ZSM-5 zeolite crystal, J. Applied Surface Science 349, 1-7.
20. Y Cao; Z Gu; K Muthukumarappan; W Gibbons, 2015, Separation of glucosinolates from Camelina seed meal via membrane and acidic aluminum oxide column, Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies, 38, 1273-1278.
21. H. Jin; X. Wang; Z. Gu; J. Hoefelmeyer; K. Muthukumarappan; J. Julson; 2014, Graphitized activated carbon based on big bluestem as electrodes for supercapacitors, RSC Adv, 4, 14136-14142.
22. K. Wang, Y. Cao, Z. Gu, P. Ahrenkiel, J. Leed, Q. Fan, 2016, Nitrogen-modified biomass-derived cheese-like porous carbon for electric double layer capacitors, RSC Advances, 2016, 6, 26738 - 26744
23. H. Jin; X, Wang; Z. Gu; G. Anderson; K. Muthukumarappan; 2014: Distillers Dried Grains with Soluble (DDGS) Bio-char Based Activated Carbon for Supercapacitors with Organic Electrolyte Tetraethylammonium Tetrafluoroborate, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 2, 1404-09
24. J. Polin, Z. Gu; D. Humburg, K. Dalsted, 2014, Source of airborne sunflower dust generated during combine harvester operation, Biosystems Engineering, 126, 23-29
25. H. Jin, X. Wang, Z. Gu, 2013, Porous Activated Carbon Derived from DDGS as Lithium ion Battery Anode Material, Materials Focus 2, 497-501
26. S. Li, Z. Gu, E. Bjornson, A. Muthukumarappan, Biochar Based Solid Acid Catalyst Hydrolyze Biomass, Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 1, 1174–1181.
27. J. Polin, Z. Gu, D. Humburg, K. Dalsted, 2013, Sunflower dust properties that contribute to increased fire risk during harvest and biorefinery operations, Industrial Crops & Products, 50, 2013, 227-231
28. Z. Gu, X. Wang, 2012, Carbon Materials from High Ash Bio-char: A Nanostructure Similar to Activated Graphene, American Transactions on Engineering & Applied Sciences 2, 15-34
29. Z. Gu, 2014, Recovery of Recombinant Proteins from Plants Using Aqueous Two-Phase Partitioning Systems: An Outline, "Methods in Molecular Biology: Protein Downstream Processing" 1129:77-87.
30. Cheng, S.; Wei, L.; Zhao, X.; Kadis, E.; Cao, Y.; Julson, J.; Gu, Z. 2016 Hydrodeoxygenation of prairie cordgrass bio-oil over Ni based activated carbon synergistic catalysts combined with different metals. (New Biotechnology, 33, 440-448)
31. Wei, L.; Zhao, X.; Kadis, E.; Cao, Y.; Julson, J.; Gu, Z. 2016 "Upgrading pine sawdust pyrolysis oil to green biofuels by HDO over zinc-assisted Pd/C catalyst", Energy Conversion and Management 115, 8-16
32. X Zhao, LWei; S Cheng; Y Cao; J Julson, ZR Gu; 2015 Catalytic cracking of carinata oil for hydrocarbon biofuel over fresh and regenerated Zn/Na-ZSM-5, Applied Catalyst A: a general, 507 44-49
33. Y Huang, L Wei, X Zhao, S Cheng, J Julson, Y Cao, Z Gu, 2016, Upgrading pine sawdust pyrolysis oil to green biofuels by HDO over zinc-assisted Pd/C catalyst, Energy Conversion and Management 115, 8-16
34. Y Huang, L Wei, Z Crandall, J Julson, Z Gu, Combining Mo-Cu/HZSM-5 with a two-stage catalytic pyrolysis system for pine sawdust thermal conversion; Fuel (2015), 150, 656-663.
35. X Zhao, L Wei, Z Crandall, J Julson, Z Gu, 2014 Catalytic cracking of inedible camelina oils to hydrocarbon fuels over bifunctional ZSM-5-Zn catalysts, Korean J. Chem. Eng., 32(8), 1528-1541.
36. R. Bouza, ZR Gu, 2015 Screening Conditions for Acid Pretreatment and Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Empty Fruit Bunches, Industrial Crops & Products, 84, 67-71
37. R. Chintala, T.E. Schumacher, S. Kumar, D.D. Malo, J. Rice, B. Bleakley, G. Chilom, S. Papiernik, J.L. Julson, D. Clay, and Z.R. Gu. 2014. Molecular characterization of biochar materials and their influence on microbiological properties of soil. Journal of Hazardous Materials 279, 244-256
38. Jason R. Croat, Zhengrong Gu, William R. 2014, Strategies to overcome sodium benzoate inhibition during ethanol production from expired soft drinks, Current Topics in Biotechnology , 8, 15 - 23
39. Gibbons C. Wood, K. Rosentrater, K. Muthukumarappan, Z. Gu, 2012, Quantification of Physical and Chemical Properties, and Identification of Potentially Valuable Components from Fuel Ethanol Process Streams, Cereal Chem. 90, 70-79
40. H. Jin, X. Wang, Z. Gu, 2013, Hierarchical Carbon Materials from High Ash Bio-char of Distiller's Dried Grain with Solubles for Supercapacitor, Materials Focus 2, 105-112
41. M. Ho, L Chang, M. Pires-Alves, Zhengrong Gu, and Brenda A. Wilson, 2011, Recombinant botulinum neurotoxin A heavy chain-based delivery vehicles for neuronal cell targeting, Protein Eng. Des. Sel. 24, 247-253. 2011

Area(s) of Research

1. Scalable biorenewable graphene (solid phase catalytic thermochemical) preparation technology
• Preparation of biorenewable advanced carbon adsorbents from biochar of thermochemical platform
• Preparation of biorenewable graphene with scalable thermochemical pathway
• Preparation of graphene with scalable low-temperature (room temp.) pathway
2. Bioseparation technology
• Recovery and separation platforms for microbial biofuel
• Downstream processing techniques of biopharms production and formulation stability
• Nano-crystal cellulose recovery and purification from cellulosic ethanol waste-stream
• Downstream processing techniques and materials of native bioactive compounds production
3. Tailored materials for biomedical engineering
• Tailored bio-affinity adsorbents for blood purification and advanced biomedical engineering applications (especially target on emerging pathogens and infectious diseases)
• The multifunctional electrochemical immune-sensor platform (based on magnetic-graphene core-shell nanomaterial) for on-site diagnosis of critical pathogens (especially target on emerging pathogens and outbreak of infectious diseases)
4. Catalysts of biorefinery
• Catalytic hydrothermal conversion lignin and lignin based advanced coating film materials
• Carbon-solid acid catalysts for cellulosic chemicals
• Catalysts for thermochemical biorefinery
• Integrated catalytic pyrolysis platform for producing graphene and biofuel
5. Water purification and recovery
• Photocatalysis-Photobioreactor integration system for aquaculture wastewater treatment and recycling
• Capacitive deionization (based on 3D graphene and new membrane materials) for water recovery from Brackish water and hydraulic fracturing wastewater
6. Bio-dust fire monitoring and prevention
• Characterization of Bio-dust ignition and combustion properties
• Heat resource management of biomass mechanic processing instruments
7. Transmission electron microscope techniques for materials characterization and biomedical diagnosis
• Cryo-TEM in identifying and quantifying biomolecules interactions
• In-situ TEM analysis of electrode materials in electrochemical energy storage systems
• In-situ TEM characterization of catalysts
8. Bioinspired silicon-carbon and silica materials
• Bioinspired hierarchical silicon-carbon nanomaterials as anode of lithium ion batteries
• Scalable biorenewable mesoporous silica preparation technology
 Current projects:
1) Project/Proposal Title: Impact of Biochar on Lifecycles of Agricultural Chemicals and Interactions between Plants and Soil Microorganisms (PI); Source of Support: USDA-NIFA (Education)
Total Award Amount: $275,603; Total Award Period Covered: 02/16-01/19

2) Project/Proposal Title: Plasma Modified Biochar Electrode for Nitrate Recycle with Capacitive Deionization Technology (PI); Source of Support: Sun-Grant North Central (USDA-NIFA); Total Award Amount: $100,000; Total Award Period Covered: 11/16-10/18

3) Project/Proposal Title: Develop lignocellulosic nanocomposites from prairie cordgrass and corn stalks for smart packaging applications (Co-PI), Source of Support: Sun-Grant North Central (USDA-NIFA) , Total Award Amount: $100,000; Total Award Period Covered: 11/16-10/18

4) Project/Proposal Title: Advanced bioelectrochemical module (BEM) for waste-to-electricity generation during Long-term space exploration (Co-PI), Source of Support: NASA-EpsCor; Total Award Amount: $ 750,000 ; Total Award Period Covered: 07/16-06/19

5) Project/Proposal Title: MRI: Acquisition of a Transmission Electron Microscope (PI) ; Source of Support: NSF-MRI; Total Award Amount: $ 1,210,576 (NSF $775,000); Total Award Period Covered: 09/2014-08/2017

6) Project/Proposal Title: Separate Glucosinolates from non-food oil-seeds as value added co-products and improve nutrition value of oil-seeds as animal feed (PI); Source of Support: SD Oilseeds Initiative Program;
Total Award Amount: $ 90,000 Total Award Period Covered: 07/2013-06/2017
Location of Project: South Dakota State University

 Previous ended projects in SDSU:
10 projects with total funding more than $1.5 million (allocated to my research group) from USDA, NSF-EpsCor, NASA-EpsCor, DOL, DOC, DOE-Sungrant, DOT-Sungrant, SD Oil-seeds council, National Sunflower Association and etc.

Applications of Research

1. Scalable biorenewable graphene (solid phase catalytic thermochemical) preparation technology
• Advanced carbon adsorbents for water, air and food processing
• Application of renewable porous graphene and derivate composites in supercapacitor
• Application of renewable porous graphene and derivate composites in Li-ion battery
2. Bioseparation technology
• Recovery and separation platforms for microbial biofuel
• Downstream processing techniques of biopharms production and formulation stability
• Nano-crystal cellulose recovery and purification from cellulosic ethanol waste-stream
• Downstream processing techniques and materials of native bioactive compounds production
3. Tailored materials for biomedical engineering
• Tailored bio-affinity adsorbents for blood purification and advanced biomedical engineering applications (especially target on emerging pathogens and infectious diseases)
• The multifunctional electrochemical immune-sensor platform (based on magnetic-graphene core-shell nanomaterial) for on-site diagnosis of critical pathogens (especially target on emerging pathogens and outbreak of infectious diseases)
4. Catalysts of biorefinery
• Catalytic hydrothermal conversion lignin and lignin based advanced coating film materials
• Carbon-solid acid catalysts for cellulosic chemicals
• Catalysts for thermochemical biorefinery
• Integrated catalytic pyrolysis platform for producing graphene and biofuel
5. Water purification and recovery
• Photocatalysis-Photobioreactor integration system for aquaculture wastewater treatment and recycling
• Capacitive deionization (based on 3D graphene and new membrane materials) for water recovery from Brackish water and hydraulic fracturing wastewater
6. Bio-dust fire monitoring and prevention
• Characterization of Bio-dust ignition and combustion properties
• Heat resource management of biomass mechanic processing instruments
7. Transmission electron microscope techniques for materials characterization and biomedical diagnosis
• Cryo-TEM in identifying and quantifying biomolecules interactions
• In-situ TEM analysis of electrode materials in electrochemical energy storage systems
• In-situ TEM characterization of catalysts
8. Bioinspired silicon-carbon and silica materials
• Bioinspired hierarchical silicon-carbon nanomaterials as anode of lithium ion batteries
• Scalable biorenewable mesoporous silica preparation technology