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2012 Eastern South Dakota Water Conference Program

"2012 Eastern South Dakota Water Conference "

About the Conference

This program has been produced in conjunction with the 2012 Eastern South Dakota Water Conference, held at the University Student Union on the campus of South Dakota State University on October 30, 2012. The purpose of this program is to provide summaries of the presentations made during the conference.
The purpose of the 2012 Eastern South Dakota Water Conference is to bring together individuals from Federal, State, University, local government, and private organizations and provide a forum to discuss current topics dealing with water and water quality in South Dakota. The conference provides an opportunity for hydrologists, geologists, engineers, legislators, scientists, students, and other interested individuals to meet and exchange ideas, summarize results of studies, and discuss mutual problems and potential solutions.


Director of South Dakota Water Science Center, USGS

8:10-8:30 am
Volstorff Ballroom 101B

Comparison of Runoff between Water Years 2011 and 2012, Missouri River Basin.

Mark T. Anderson

Joyce E. Williamson

In contrast to water year (WY, October 1 through September 30) 2011, WY 2012 has developed as a drought year with sharp declines in stream flow within the year. The Missouri River flood of 2011 was unprecedented in the instrumented record. The volume of runoff for WY2011 reached a historical maximum for the Missouri River Basin. WY2012 did not set a historical minimum for the instrumented record, but is sharply reduced from WY2011. This presentation will compare and contrast the change in precipitation and runoff conditions for the Missouri River Basin between the two water years. Furthermore, we will address the question of how the wet antecedent conditions of 2011 carried into WY2012.
Examples of runoff change over a relatively short time-frame are exhibited with two major tributary basins to the Missouri River. Runoff for the Cheyenne River Basin for WY2011 was approximately 1.6 million acre-feet compared to slightly less than 0.3 million acre-feet for WY2012, which is well below the average runoff of 0.58 million acre-feet. Runoff in WY2012 was above normal for the period from October through early April, possibly as a carry-over from the very wet conditions in WY2011; however, runoff quickly reflected the very dry conditions of 2012 that have extended to the end of WY2012. The James River Basin has exhibited several consecutive wet water years during 2007-2011 with WY2010 and WY2011 being back-to-back record runoff years of about 4.2 million acre-feet. For WY2012, although the runoff of 1.03 million acre-feet is above the average of 0.56 million acre-feet, 75 percent of the runoff occurred prior to April 1. This again reflects higher runoff early in the year in response to higher water storage in the basin with much lower runoff once storage decreased.


Director of the Missouri River Institute, USD

8:30-9:00 AM
Volstorff Ballroom 101B

Impacts of the 2011 Flood on the Missouri River Channel

Tim Cowman
Missouri River Institute,

The 2011 flood created significant changes to the Missouri River channel and riparian ecosystem. Some impacts are readily observable, while others will take months or even years to become apparent. Some of the impacts to the river and ecosystem will be detrimental, others will be beneficial.
Large deposits of sediment in and along the channel are one of the most visible impacts. The source of these deposits was mostly from the riverbed, and to a lesser extent from bank erosion. Areas of the river channel have been scoured and are significantly deeper than before the flood. The main channel (thalweg) has moved significantly in several areas. Data is being collected through thalweg and bathymetry studies that will help document these changes. Erosion and deposition by the flood have also changed the function of certain backwater and wetland areas. Impacts have been observed on large, restored backwaters as well as major wetland complexes along the river.
Impacts to riparian forests and other vegetation are readily observable. The unusually long inundation period created by the flood has negatively impacted some areas of cottonwood forest, although it is probable that the flood generated areas of new cottonwood recruitment as well. Undesirable species such as eastern red cedar and Russian olive trees also appear to have been impacted by the inundation of flood waters. Data collection and monitoring to determine the extent of these impacts is ongoing.


Attorney at Law
Ganje Law Offices, Rapid City, SD

1:00-1:45 PM
Campanile Room

Water Rights in South Dakota – Legal Steps for an Irrigation Project

David Ganje
Attorney at Law, Ganje Law Offices

Starting a New Irrigation Project: Everything You Did Not Want To Know But Should Know About the Legal Steps

A. Who owns water in South Dakota?
B. What is a water appropriation?
C. Who needs a water appropriation?
(1) Application for Permit for Irrigation Project

  •  Info required: source of water, amount of water, and type of use;
  •  Map of project
  •  Application fee
  •  Supplemental info
  •  Notice of Application
  •  Soil/water analysis

(2) Review of Application

  • Chief Engineer of Water Rights Program reviews application and prepares recommended action

(3) Notice Process

  • Notice is published describing application and how to file petition in support or opposition:
  1.  If no one opposed: permit issued without need for a hearing
  2.  If Opposed: hearing scheduled for Water Management Board’s consideration

(4) Issue of Permit

  •  Statutory time periods
  • “Notice of Completion of Works”

(5) License

  • This licensing process is the final step in obtaining a water right
  • A water right exists for perpetuity and can only be canceled due to abandonment, forfeiture due to nonuse of water, or violation of permit requirement

Concurrent Session Information 

Session 1 

Flood Management

Volstorff Ballroom 101A
Moderator: Chris Hay

9:30-9:50 AM
Steve Klein, Barr Engineering Company
New Technical Paper 40 (TP-40)

9:50-10:10 AM
Donna Kliche, Emily French, Larry Stetler & Paul Smith, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology
Rain-Induced Erosion vs. Storm Water Management A Study in the Badlands National Park

10:10-10:30 AM
Steve Klein, Barr Engineering Company
Watershed-Wide Approach to Managing Flood Flows

Nathan Young, University of Iowa
The Iowa Flood Center

Session 2

Water Management Tools & Models

Volstorff Ballroom 101B
Moderator: Ryan Thompson

9:30-9:50 AM
Kathleen Neitzert, USGS; George Honeywell, Lower Brule Sioux Tribe; Ryan Thompson, USGS
Monitoring Bank Erosion on the Missouri River on the Lower Brule Reservation, 2011-12

9:50-10:10 AM
Nels Troelstrup, Katie Bertrand, Arjun Kafle & Jacob Krause, SDSU
The Biomonitoring Toolbox I: Application of a Sequential Analysis Procedure to Define Optimal Stream Biological Monitoring Metrics

10:10-10:30 AM
David Bender, USGS
SPARROW Model Decision Support System - Nitrogen Reduction Scenario in the James River Basin

Greg Wilson, Evan Christianson & Ray Wuolo, Barr Engineering
Evaluating Watershed Recharge and Implications

Session 3

Student Presentations

Volstorff Ballroom 101A
Moderator: Tyler Hengen

Lyntausha C. Kuehl, Nels Troelstrup, Jr, SDSU
Relationships Between Net Primary Production, Water Transparency, Chlorophyll a, and Total Phosphorus in a Shallow Prairie

Nicholas Marnach, Jennifer Benning, Scott Kenner and Foster Sawyer, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology; Delinda Simmons and Al Hancock, Oglala Sioux Tribe
Education for the Protection of Water Resources on the Pine Ridge Reservation

2:40-3:00 PM
Robert Prann, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology; Galen Hoogestraat, US Geological Survey; Jennifer Benning and Scott Kenner, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology
Monitoring Storm water Quality in Two Drainage Basins in Rapid City, South Dakota

3:00-3:20 PM
Tyler Hengen, Maria Squillace and James Stone, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology; Aisling O’Sullivan, University of Canterbury, New Zealand; F.A. Crombie, Solid Energy New Zealand
Life Cycle Assessment Analysis for Active and Passive Acid Mine Drainage Treatment Options for the Stockton Coal Mine, New Zealand.

Session 4

2:40-3:00 PM
Darren Clabo, South Dakota School of Mines and
The 2012 South Dakota Drought: Perspective of the State Fire Meteorologist

3:00-3:20 PM
Jeff Eidenshink, USGS
Monitoring Drought Indicators from Space: Vegetation Condition, Wildfire Danger, and Evapotranspiration

Session 5

Water Quality and Remediation

Volstorff Ballroom 101B
Moderator: Todd Trooien

4:00-4:20 PM
Nathan Brandenburg, Jeppe Kjaersgaard, Ron Gelderman and Todd Trooien, SDSU
Developing BMPs to Minimize the Water Quality Impacts of Winter Manure

4:20-4:40 PM
Chris Schmit and Joseph Stonesifer, SDSU
Determination of Degradation Kinetics of Select Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products Using Extant Respirometry

4:40-5:00 PM
Zhengrong Gu, Gary Anderson and Ziaomin Wang, SDSU
Photocatalysis as a Pretreatment of Waste Waster Producing Nutrients for a Photobioreactor to Grow Microalgae for

5:00-5:20 PM
Guanghui Hua, SDSU
Characterization of Disinfection Byproduct Precursors in
Natural Waters

Conference Workshop-Geospatial Data Access and Use

How do I find and use maps and other spatial information for water resources management?

Th is workshop focuses on geospatial tools and access to digital spatial data in water management, such as maps of watershed boundaries, land use, county boundaries, and satellite and aerial photography. Because the spatial information is available from a large number of outlets it may be difficult to locate the desired information.
Participants will learn about the primary spatial information outlets operated by Federal and State agencies and get hands-on experience in retrieving, displaying and manipulating the data. Participants can also bring specific problems or uses to the workshop for review or
discussion with the instructors.

Digital spatial information is increasingly being used in water resources monitoring, planning and management. Spatial information is being collected and made available by Federal, State and local agencies and organizations, by universities, private companies and others. In many cases the information is available at no cost. With the advent of high speed internet for rapid data transfer and the development of
increasingly capable soft ware packages for information storage, display and processing, the number of potential uses and applications of digital spatial information continue to increase.

A basic experience with a Geographic Information System (GIS) such as ArcGIS is useful but not required.


The lead instructor on the workshop will be GIS Specialist and South Dakota Water Resources Institute Project Manager Mary O’Neill, O’Neill has more than 25 years of experience in applying digital spatial information and is one of the lead organizers of the annual K-12 teacher GIS workshop hosted by the USGS EROS Data Center. Jeppe Kjaersgaard from the Water Resources Institute will be an assistant instructor.
Financial support for the workshop is provided by the South Dakota Discovery Center, Pierre, South Dakota.

Poster Presentations

Volstorff Ballroom 101B
3:30-4:00 PM

Jason Augspurger, Mark Kaemingk and David Willis, SDSU
Responses to Water Level Change in Shallow Lakes Refute the Existing Reservoir Model

Joshua Bucher, MD Rajibul Al Mamun, Christopher Wright and Geoff rey Henebry, SDSU
Delineating Open Wetlands in Landsat 4-7 Imagery Using Rule-Based Segmentation

David Casper, SDSU
Water Quality and Nutrient Composition from Livestock Operations in Eastern South Dakota

Bora Cetin, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology
Impacts of High Carbon Fly Ash Mixed Highway Embankments
to the Groundwater

Molly Davis, Brooke Goodale, Jeppe Kjaersgaard, Nick Benesh and Chris Hay, SDSU
Measures of Innovation Diffusion of Sub-Surface Drainage
in South Dakota

Mark Dittrich, Minnesota Department of Agriculture
Conservation Drainage Focus Groups, Field Days and Workshops

Brett Hankerson, SDSU
Measurement of Cover Crop Evapotranspiration and Impacts on Water Management in Crop Production Systems

Armando Hernandez, SDSU
Sampling Plants for Heavy Metals on the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota

Shane Herrod, Nicholas Marnach, Scott Kenner, Jennifer
Benning, South Dakota School of Mines and Technology A Collaborative Effort for the Management of Water Resources on the Pine Ridge Reservation

Patrick Hofer, SDSU
Rainout Shelter Design Testing

Daniel Johns, SDSU
Sampling White River Water for Heavy Metals in Nebraska and South Dakota

Joanita Kant, SDSU
Sampling Wild Roses and Soils for Heavy Metals along the White River on and near the Pine Ridge Reservation, South Dakota.

Brittany Leibel, Suzette R. Burckhard, Alexander Smart, SDSU
A Study of Stream Flow and Sediment Load from the Bad River Watershed Before and After BMP Implementation

Andy Lemke, SDSU
Effect of Storage Tank Mixing on Water Quality

Mary Pate, Krystal Gruba, Achintya Bezbaruah, NDSU
Natural Polymer Coating of NZVI to Improve Colloidal Stability and Increase Removal Efficiency of Trichloroethylene from Water

Sandra K. Poppenga, Daniel G. Driscoll, Ryan F. Thompson, USGS : High-Resolution Hydrographic Mapping Using Lidar- Derived Digital Elevation Models for a Pilot Area in Northeastern South Dakota

Thank You

The organizing committee would like to thank you for attending the 2012 Eastern South Dakota Water Conference.
We hope you have enjoyed our panel discussion, special speakers, oral presentations and poster session.
We now need your help. We will begin working on the 2013 Eastern South Dakota Water Conference shortly.
This is where you can help:
1) Identify and recruit speakers – If you know someone who would be a great plenary speaker, bring him/her to the attention of the committee. If this person is selected, be willing to contact them and see if they would be interested in attending our conference next year.
2) Volunteer for being a moderator – We are always looking for people to help with the conference.
3) Volunteer to become a part of the organizing committee – If you could spare some time to help with next year’s conference, we would greatly appreciate it.
4) Suggest a theme or title for next year’s conference - What items are important concerning water in Eastern South Dakota? If you have suggestions for any of the above items, please let me know.

Trista Koropatnicki
Water Resources Institute, South Dakota State University
SAE 211, Box 2120
Brookings, SD 57007
Phone: 605-688-4910
Fax: 605-688-4917