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Employee Categories

It is helpful to understand the different types of employee categories for faculty and staff.  Several resources are available that outline the types of employment relationships at South Dakota State University.

South Dakota Board of Regents 4:1 outlines the basic types of employment classifications within the Board of Regents system.  More specific appointment terminology can be found under the Faculty Management, Staff Management and Graduate Assistant sections of this toolkit.  

SDBOR policy 4:1 (2) states, 

2. Types of Employment Classification 

A.  Civil Service: Civil Service Employees (CSA, Career Service Act) are employees that are
     provided for under SDCL 3-6A-13, which applies to all positions in the executive branch of state
     government. All Civil Service employees are subject to Bureau of Human Resources Rules and
     Regulations as well as applicable BOR policies. Activities within the Civil Service System are
     also governed by SDCL § 3-6 and the Joint Powers Agreement between the Civil Service
     Commission and the South Dakota Board of Regents.

Note:  The Bureau of Human Resources maintains a site with all of the current class specifications.  http://bhr.sd.gov/classification/

B. Non-faculty Exempt:

  1. Administrative and/or Professional: Administrative or professional employees are exempt from the State Civil Service System by virtue of their administrative and professional functions. Academic administrators may have both administrative and faculty assignments. Questions involving the administrative duties of academic administrators will be resolved under those policies and procedures that apply generally to administrators. Questions involving the faculty assignments of academic administrators will be resolved pursuant to those policies that apply to non-unit faculty members.
  2. Student Employees: Student employees, including teaching and research fellows, are exempt from the Civil Service System. Student employees are considered temporary employees and not eligible for benefits.
     

C. Faculty:

  1. Non-Unit: Non-Unit Faculty are employees that are in faculty related positions who are exempt from the State Civil Service System and exempt from the bargaining unit (COHE) and perform research, instruction, and other faculty duties. Departments that are exempted from the COHE collective bargaining unit are Medical School, Law School, Institute of Atmospheric Sciences, and 2010 Research Initiative. All non-unit employees are subject to the BOR as well as institutional policies, procedures, rules and regulations.
  2. Unit: Unit Faculty are employees that are in faculty related position who are exempt from the State Civil Service System and perform research, instruction, and other faculty duties. These employees are members of the Council of Higher Education (COHE) which have a collective bargaining agreement (CBA) and are the recognized union representatives. All unit employees are subject to the collective bargaining agreement and those rules, regulations, policies, and procedures not governed by COHE.
     

The Aligning Employment Practices at South Dakota State University document provides specific information on a variety of employment terms as well as practices used at SDSU.